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Janamasthami: Know briefly about Jayadeva's Gita Govindam
Gita Govindam by Jayadeva is an epic Sanskrit poem that portrays many aspects of Lord Krishna but prominently as a romantic hero with divine qualities. It is literary work of highest order and Sanskrit verses depict the love between Radha and Krishna as an interplay of both the earthly and divine passions at the same time.

Jayadeva's work is considered to be the most impressive and influential poem that was written during medieval period of India which caught the attention of literature, fine arts and performing arts and religiosity simultaneously.

The way the poem has been crafted, its text has been added to temple inscriptions and read as a revered scripture. It has been set to music and choreographed for dances during festivals because of soft and tender candidness of lyricism of man-woman relationships. The way it is written, the poem does not provoke lust but yearning for the lover's companionship.

Even contemporary renderings, recitations, songs and dances based on Gita Govindam point to its continuing popularity with a high order of acceptance among artists and society. It is considered as classic work of high calibre and part of Indian heritage.

On one level, the poem narrates the love of Radha and Krishna as simple and down-to-earth folks but also celebrates nature's regenerative design through graceful intimacy and tender mutual care.

It is said that Jayadeva had been saintly ascetic who was induced to settle by marrying the temple dancer, Padmavati, and got inspired to write the Gita Govindam.

Gita Govindam is organised into twelve chapters, each further divided into twenty four divisions called Prabandhas having eights couplets or Ashtapadis.

Many readers and commentators have found that Radha Rani is greater than Krishna in her devotional love.

Jayadeva's work also vividly describes the eight moods of Heroine or the Ashta Nayika. These eight moods of a woman in love have been an inspiration for many other literary compositions.

The work delineates the mutual love of Krishna and Radha in which eight expressions of Krishna such as exuberant, blithesome, winsome, tender, passionate, audacious, dextrous, apologetic, unpretentious, tactful, joyful and exultant Krishna.

The followers of Vaishavism hold Radha as Caitanya or divine love that longs for spiritual bliss by evoking Sakhibhava through chanting of Krishna's names and gaining his companionship. However, one school of Vaishavism recites on the name Radha and sings in her praise believing that Radha is none other than Krishna because they are bound by divine love.

Most followers of Vaishavnism believe that Radha symbolises the perfect devotee of Krishna seeking his companionship through Sakhibhava. Those who wish to come close to Krishna must cultivate the devotional qualities or Sakhibhava of Radha. That's what they gather from Gita Govindam.

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