Bergoglio entered the Society of Jesus on 11 March 1958 and studied at Jesuit seminary in Villa Devoto, and then started to teach literature and psychology at a high school. He was ordained to the priesthood on 13 December 1969 by Archbishop Ramón José Castellano. He then attended a seminar on Philosophical and Theological Faculty of San Miguel and obtained a position of novice master there, and became professor of theology.
Bergoglio was ordained as Titular Bishop of Auca. Then Archbishop Bergoglio was made a cardinal by Pope John Paul II with a title of cardinal-priest of San Roberto Bellarmino. As a cardinal, he was appointed to several administrative positions. Cardinal Bergoglio was known for personal humility, doctrinal conservatism and a commitment to social justice.
Bergoglio is also believed to have been the runner-up in 2005 conclave, which yielded Francis’ predecessor, Pope Benedict XVI. He has chosen a new name which was never used in the church's 2000 year history. This is a signal that he wants a new beginning for the faith. Marco Politi, a papal biographer and veteran Vatican watcher told Washington Post, “It’s a genius move. It’s a non-Italian, non-European, not a man of the Roman government. It’s an opening to the Third World, a moderate. By taking the name Francis, it means a completely new beginning.”
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