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June 8, World Ocean Day theme: 'Greening our future'
The World Ocean Day is celebrated every year on June 8. It is high time that we stop ignoring the ocean and the damages that we are doing to the entire ecosystem.
ON WORLD Ocean Day, the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Moon said, “The ecosystem functions that oceans provide, and their importance to the global economy, deserve particular attention as we look ahead to next year’s Rio +20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. For that reason, the theme of this year’s observance is Our oceans: greening our future.”

June 8 is celebrated as the World Ocean day. This day, which was initiated in 1992 by Canada in the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, has a theme this year of Our oceans: greening our future. After that it was in 2008 that the United Nations declared June 8 as the World Ocean Day. The entire world participates in spreading awareness about the fact that the seemingly invincible Ocean is in grave danger and we play an important part in shaking the balance. Due to our careless behaviour seafoods are decreasing, beaches are disappearing, and the water body itself is getting polluted. It is not a very well known fact that India has lost almost half of it beaches.

More and more harm is being done to the beaches, and if we are not careful then Indians may soon have to travel abroad in order to have a relaxing weekend on the beach. The construction of the ports breaks the natural movement of the sand and more sand moves towards the south of the port and the north of the port are left with no sand at all, which poses a disbalance. Thus, the beach becomes eroded and if we are not careful than soon enough the beaches would go leaving behind just rocks. This is what has happened to the Marina beach in Chennai, which has lots of sand, which is a sign of the in equilibrium. In other parts of the world it is mandatory for the port builders to transfer the sand from one part to the other but such actions are yet to be taken by the Indian Government.

The developed countries are also contributing to harming the Ocean in their own way. Apart from deep sea-mining, oil spills, acidification from climate change, coastal runoff and marine debris, or nuclear waste, industrialised fishing is an area is seriously damaging the balance of the Ocean. The issue of overfishing is a serious concern to the world and one must pay heed to it. The greatest concern is that majority of the places have canned sea food because of the fact that the coastal fishes are waning and the people have to depend on the fishes of the distant waters of Pacific Island nations and the high seas.

According to a survey it was estimated that in 2001 income from the fisheries came to around 11 per cent of the GDP’s every year. Around $3 billion worth of tuna are taken out of the Pacific islands every year and only 6 per cent of these fishes are seen by the Pacific Islanders themselves. 2009 made a record when 2,467,903 metric tonnes of tuna was caught in the waters of the Pacific. This included the big eye and yellow fin tuna. If we are not careful then very soon tuna, which is one fish that is known to be in excess would also be exhausted.

Another concern, which must be looked into this World ocean day, is the manner of the fishing tuna. Usage of giant purse seine nets set, fish aggregating devices and FADs are common. Endangered fishes, turtles, sharks are also caught up in the process. It is known that 10 per cent of the FADs fishes constitute of species, which is endangered or too young to produce.

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