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Long-term vegetarian diet might increase the risk of heart disease and cancer, says a study by Cornell University
Bad news for vegetarians! According to a study by Cornell University, its been said that long-term vegetarian diet can lead to a genetic mutation that may increase the risk of cancer and heart disease in Indians.

Researchers have claimed that they have identified a gene in people who eat plant-based diets. The gene processes omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids into compounds that help the development of the brain and control inflammation in the body. But, the gene can also cause a spike in the production of arachidonic acid, which makes the body prone to inflammation and has been linked to heart disease and cancer.

Arachidonic acid is a central culprit for those at risk of heart disease, colon cancer, and many other inflammation-related conditions. The conditions in vegetarian diet favour the synthesis of the gene. However little amount of animal food in the diet breaks the chain and stops the synthesis.

This gene can be more harmful if the person with this gene consumes a diet which is high in certain vegetable oils, as the body will metabolize the fatty acid into arachidonic acid.

With the reference data from the research, the scientists provided evolutionary evidence that the vegetarian diet, over many generations, may have driven the higher frequency of a mutation in the Indian population.

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