Malala, a school student from the town of Mingora in Swat district, has become a well known figure for her activism in the Swat Valley, where the Taliban had banned girls from attending schools. It was on 9 October 2012, Malala was shot in the head in an assassination attempt by Taliban terrorists while she was returning home in her school bus.
After the fatal attack, Malala remained in critical condition, but her condition improved enough for her to be sent to a hospital in the United Kingdom.
The assassination attempt on Malala received worldwide media coverage and an outpouring of sympathy for her. A large number of protests against the shooting were held in several Pakistani cities and in many countries, including India. United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon called it a "heinous and cowardly act". But, the Taliban reiterated their intent to kill Malala.
Meanwhile, Angelina Jolie and Tina Brown have launched a campaign to raise funds for girls' education in Pakistan and Afghanistan.