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Merinews article by Dr Lalit Kishore on women empowerment cited in study of Filipino female workers
In the paper "The Level of Empowerment of Overseas Filipino Women Workers (OFWs)" by Elizaer Christian E. and associates that studied three hundred thirty (330) women OFWs with survey questionnaires to determine the respondents' profile who reside in Davao City and Mindanao and determine their level of empowerment.

While citing the article of Dr Lalit Kishore in Merinews "What is women's empowerment all about?" in the year 2009, the authors of the research study  that 'women's advancement involves the process of empowerment and define it as a process, by which women achieve increased control over public decision making. The study has been submitted as a Bachelor's Thesis at Department of Arts and Sciences, Mindanao Kokusai Daigaku, Davao City.

Furthermore, the male domination of society and government are often seen for the purpose of serving male interests and in the continued subordination of women. However, gender experts inform that there are five levels of the women's empowerment framework, namely- welfare, access, conscientisation, mobilization and control.

According to the study team of the researchers, one needs to understand that foregoing five levels of women's empowerment are not really a linear progression but helical and circular along with being interconnected.

It has been said that the empowerment occurs when women achieve increased control and participation in decision making that leads to their better access to resources, and therefore, improved socio-economic status.

The study finds that while globalization has contributed to an increasing flow of migrant workers from countries with limited economic opportunities to fill gaps in nations with a dwindling labour supply. While globalization may foster the acceleration of trade and investment, it does not create an environment that protects migrant workers economic, social and physical security.

Despite migration bringing new employment and opportunities, it leads to greater risks for women ,Migrant women workers, routinely lack access to social services and legal protection and are subjected to abuses such as harsh working and living conditions, low wages, illegal withholding of wages and premature termination of employment. The worst abuses force women into sexual slavery.

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