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MHRD's Year End Review of 2018 emphasises graded autonomy in higher educational and girl's education, sports, special and marginalized children at school level
The Year End Review of 2018 has been released by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), which open with the remarks, "In pursuance to Hon'ble Prime Minister's vision for 'Transforming India', Ministry of Human Resource Development took a leap forward in transforming education sector with the motto of "Education for All, Quality Education".

“In the year of 2018 MHRD has launched an integrated scheme Samagra Shiksha for School Education to treat school education from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to senior secondary levels as a whole for the betterment of the students. Beside this, MHRD launched so many new schemes in Higher Education Department to boost research & Innovation culture in the country. It is for the first time in the country where any government is emphasizing so much attention on research and innovation,” reported Year End Review 2018- Ministry of Human Resource Development as per an official release.

The release added, “MHRD has given graded autonomy to selected Higher Educational Institutions to promote research and innovation in their campuses so that they can entre in global institutions ranking. Some new important schemes/Initiatives of MHRD like IMPRESS, Study in India, SPARCK, STARS, NTA, NDL, HEFA, LEAP, ARPIT and Innovation Cell etc. are the game changer in the field of education in the country.”

Furthermore, the Department of School Education & Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development has launched an Integrated Scheme for School Education - Samagra Shiksha from 2018-19. Samagra Shiksha envisages ‘school’ as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to senior secondary levels, the release informed.

Some other salient points of the released review are as follows.

-Sports Education has been an integral part of the curriculum.  Provision has been made for sports equipment for indoor and outdoor games.  Every school will receive sports equipments at the cost of Rs.5000 for Primary Schools, Rs.10,000 for Upper Primary Schools and up to Rs.25,000 for Secondary and Senior Secondary Schools to inculcate and emphasize relevance of sports.

-Children with Special Needs (CWSN): Stipend of Rs.200 per month for CWSN girls will be provided from Classes I to XII.

-The scheme of Samagra Shiksha has provision for existing KGBVs at upper primary level and Girls Hostels at secondary level to be extended/ converged to provide residential and schooling facilities upto Class-XII. 

-The girls in the age group 10-18 aspiring to study in Classes VI to XII and belonging to SC, ST, OBC, Minority communities and BPL families form the target group of the scheme.

 -Vocational Education is a scheme under the umbrella of ‘Samagra Shiksha. The scheme seeks to integrate vocational education with general academic education with an aim to prepare educated, employable and competitive human resource for various sectors of the economy and the global market. The scheme covers Government schools and Government aided schools.

-The Learning Outcomes document for elementary level has been developed in two forms. The complete document includes Curricular Expectations, Pedagogical Processes and Learning Outcomes of classes I to VIII. ..Learning Outcomes for secondary stage are being developed by NCERT and will be shared after finalisation.

-National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2017-18 assessed the learning levels of the students in Classes 3, 5, 8 and 10, initially the District report cards were released and later the State Learning Reports were made available on the website for Classes 3,5 and 8 in May, 2018 and for Class 10 the State Learning Reports were available in the month of November, 2018. The following two are the links to the State Learning Reports.

-Operation Digital Board (ODB) would provide Smart Classroom facility to all 101580 schools with secondary and senior secondary classes, over the next five years. All class rooms in these schools will have the facility, thereby enhancing digital penetration and aiding digital learning among students.

-The Programme for International Students Assessment (PISA) will be conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 2021. PISA was launched by OECD in 1997, first administered in 2000 and now covers approximately 80 countries

-Further, national initiatives such as Clean India, Digital India, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Demonetization, etc., have also been given space in the reviewed textbooks in integrated manner. Data was updated in the light of Census 2011. Reviewed textbooks have been implemented for the year 2018-19.

-NCERT has taken initiative to develop workbooks in English and Sanskrit for classes IX and X and also development and updating of syllabi and textbooks for Computer Science (XI-XII), Information and Communication Technology(IX-XII) and Informatics Practices(XI-XII) as well as Biotechnology(XI-XII).

-NCERT launched a portal in August, 2017 to facilitate individuals, schools, States and UTs to directly purchase textbooks.

 -e-Pathshala: NCERT books are available free in digital version. 15 lakh students have downloaded the e-pathshala app. Visits in one year has crossed 30 million mark.

For further details, the website of the PIB can be accessed  since the review report runs into many pages.

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