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Monsoon season means onset of many diseases and reduced immunity
After the hot summers, monsoons are welcomed by all. However, the monsoon season also means the onset of many diseases and reduced immunity. According to Dr KK Aggarwal, Honorary Secretary General, IMA, "The diseases associated with monsoon are malaria, dengue, Chikungunya, jaundice, and gastrointestinal infections like typhoid and cholera. Apart from these, viral infections like cold and cough are also common."

Patients with Chikungunya typically have joint pain that is relieved by flexing the limbs. Dengue, if not adequately managed, can be fatal in 1% of the cases. Chikungunya, though not fatal, can cause chronic debilitating joint pains that can sometimes last for years.

Management of dengue involves fluid resuscitation and not platelet resuscitation. If enough fluids are given, mortality can be reduced. The mortality period usually starts when the fever subsides. Misusing anti-fever medicines can precipitate bleeding in dengue patients.

The water that gets collected due to rain becomes a breeding ground for mosquitoes. As contamination of drinking water is common during monsoons, it is important to drink clean and pure water to prevent diarrhea and gastrointestinal infections.

Walking in dirty water during rainy season leads to numerous fungal infections, which affect the toes and nails. Diabetic patients should take special care of their feet and be aware of infections affecting the toes and nails. Feet should always be kept dry and clean. Avoid walking in dirty water. Keep shoes, socks, and raincoats dry and clean.

In the case of asthmatic patients, precautions should be taken to prevent dampness and growth of fungus (mould) in and around the house. Fumigation should also be avoided.

During this season, underground worms come to the surface and contaminate the surface vegetables. In the presence of weak digestive fire, this can cause gastric disturbances. It is because of this reason that community lunches and marriages are avoided in this season.

It is better to eat light foods and consume barley, rice, and wheat. Water should be boiled before use. Eat warm food and add ginger and greens to your daily diet.

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