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National Immunization Program: Two new vaccines
Department of Pediatrics of Hind Hospital, Safedabad, Barabanki organised a Continuing Medical Education (CME), in which the matter of new vaccines to be introduced in the National Immunization Program were discussed. The event was inaugurated by Dr. R. Ahuja, who said that vaccination is the fundamental right of all children.
Dr. Rajeev Singh, DIO (Barabanki), told the Government of India will soon launch Pentavalent Vaccine which will replace DPT Vaccine. In this vaccine children will get protection from "Diphtheria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Hepatitis B and H. Influenza B" in one shot. This vaccine will be given at 6, 10 and 14 weeks.

Advantage is that now babies will get only 3 vaccines instead of 6 and they will get protection from one more disease. Another Vaccine which will be also launched by the end of this year is IPV, injectable vaccine against Polio, which will be given with the third dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV). Both these vaccines will be given only to children below one year of age.

Dr. Vandana Singh, SMO (Barabanki) who is associated with the WHO, said that though India is declared to have eradicated Polio but we still need to be vigilant because our neighbouring countries Pakistan and Afghanistan are still reporting Polio cases.

So all doctors will have to continue AFP reporting which means "sudden onset of weakness and floppiness in any part of the body in a child <15 years of age" should be immediately reported to the SMO or DIO.

Reporting of suspected cases of Measles is necessary for decreasing the deaths caused by Measles and will also help in its eradication. Any person with fever and maculopapular rash and cough, coryza (i.e. runny nose) or conjunctivitis (i.e. red eyes), or any person in whom doctor suspects Measles should be reported to SMO or DIO. These patients should also receive two doses of Vitamin A.

Dr. Utkarsh Bansal concluded the event saying that vaccination and timely reporting of communicable diseases are the most effective weapons to eradicate them.

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