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Need to implement well designed adolescent education programmes in India to mitigate school violence and victimization of students
In India, the school violence, both physical and sexual, is on the rise in which mainly the adolescents get involved both as offenders and victims. It has been observed that adolescence period is most neglected period both in the familial and social lives of children in our country.

Over the years, various studies have informed that two human development stages are most important in educational and man making processes – early childhood and adolescence. Both, education and socialization, during these two stages of human development are to be done with great sensitivity and care. But, unfortunately, this is not happening and child rights including the right to education with reasonable quality are being violated by the very schools which are duty bound for it under the rule of law.

Once, I met a head teacher of a school and listened to his woes regarding the indiscipline problems created by the students of the middle school section in his school. I told him to match the classroom instruction and social environment of the school with the nature and needs of the adolescent children by accessing information about the adolescent education programmes and interventions on internet and design a special intervention for students in the age group 11 to 16 years of age for his school. He promised to give it a try.

Adolescence period needs to be regarded as a crucial transitional life phase of physical, biological and psychological development of an individual that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood which spans a period of 10/11 to 18/19 years of age.

Adolescent education problems are mainly centered on curiosity about biological and psycho-emotional changes that occur during adolescent period.

In its truest sense, adolescent education is the strategy of confronting stereotypes of vulnerable teenagers and reframe the way the educators, parents and society thinks about adolescents and adolescence along with developing them into responsive members of the society.

Adolescent education has to be carried out with an optimistic vision through respectful, nurturing, and effective learning methods in which learners are challenged to grow intellectually as rational thinkers, decision makers and frank communicators; emotionally stable and ethical individuals; and socially cooperative and proactive in life as adults, I think.

Currently, in India, the neglected transitional phase of almost one fourth of population in the age group 10-19 years is not getting prepared towards optimum development towards physical, emotional, mental and social maturity to function as autonomous and self-managing adults.

At many places, about 20 hour education and training courses in an academic session for children in the age group 10-19 are held for each grade per the convenience of teachers and students. However, for implementation of the courses teachers are trained first both in group learning techniques and counseling about appropriate behavior regarding reproductive health and hygiene.

Stricter rules and control systems based on punishment will never work, one needs to be cautioned.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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