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NHRC organising national meet on Rights of Women on Feb 18 & 19 in New Delhi
During the two decades of its existence since October, 1993, the efforts of the National Human Rights Commission to protect and promote the rights of women relating to discrimination against women and gender-related violence have evolved into a variety of inter-connected ways.

In its efforts to keep in focus the various issues relating to the welfare of women and girls, the Commission is organising a two-day National Conference on 'Human Rights of Women' from the 18th to 19th February, 2014 in New Delhi.

The main objectives of the Conference will be to:

  • Discuss ways to prevent and eliminate violence against women in the light of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 including the recommendations not incorporated in the above Act and the 'Bill to Rights' formulated by the Justice Verma Committee, especially the section on 'Right to Life, Security and Bodily Integrity';
  • Focus on measures to eliminate trafficking in women and girls including steps for their protection, assistance and redressal and also take up necessary action for implementation of CEDAW, Trafficking Protocol (2000), IPOA and Amman Programme of Action;
  • Address issues relating to women's sexual and reproductive health rights in line with ICPD and recommendations of the Second Universal Periodic Review accepted by the Government of India including elimination of discriminatory and coercive measures from population policies of States/Union Territories impacting on women; and
  • Discuss strategies for strengthening women's empowerment and gender equality.
Over the years, the National Human Rights Commission has made several recommendations to the Government for protection and promotion of the rights of women and girls.

During 1994-95, it recommended vigorous implementation of the country's obligations under the CEDAW and recommended that well-coordinated steps be taken up to act upon the Declaration and Programme of Action adopted at Beijing.

The violation of rights of women was next considered from the angle of health and the issue of maternal anaemia was identified as a rights issue in 1996-97. In 2000, it focused on Human Rights and HIV/AIDS and Public Health and Human Rights and covered issues impacting the rights of women.

During 1999-2000, the Commission made a number of recommendations for the elimination of gender discrimination, in the light of the concluding observations made by the CEDAW Committee on India's first country report and the concluding observations and recommendations made by the CRC Committee on India's initial country report.

In 2000-01, the Commission analysed the human rights dimensions of Census 2001, and called for a concerted effort to end the misuse of sex-determination tests. It also designated one of its Members to serve as the Focal Point on Human Rights of Women, including matters relating to trafficking.

It also took keen interest in the implementation of Vishaka Guidelines by the Supreme Court on preventing and combating sexual harassment of women at workplace. In 2002, it examined the provisions of the Protection from Domestic Violence Bill and follow up the issue till the enactment of Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.

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I list below the rights of Women which every women should have: 1. No woman should be subject to Female Genital Mutilation which is very common in Muslim countries as it is so painful and adversely affects a woman's health. 2. There should be no female foeticide. Any person found guilty of indulging in female foeticide must be sentenced to death. 3. Every woman should have a right to education so that not only she can educate herself but educate her children also. 4. No woman should be forced into prostitution and anybody doing so should be given a life term punishment. 5. No woman should be raped or sexually assaulted and the rapists must be physically castrated so that they realise how a raped woman suffers. 6. There should be no honour killing. 7. No women should be subject to marital rape that is no husband should force even his wife to have sex with him against her will. 8. Every woman should have the right to marry after the age of 18 years the man of her choice irrespective of the caste or Gotra to which he belongs. She should not be married off without getting her written consent. 9. No woman should be forced to wear a veil. She may wear the dress of her choice subject to the condition that she is decently dressed. 10. If laws of a religion permit men to have four living wives, then the women should also be entitled to have four living husbands. 11. Women should be allowed to choose her career. 12. There should be no child marriage. The age limit for the marriage should be 18 years when the girl becomes an adult. 13. There should be no domestic violence. 14. If laws of a religion permit a husband to divorce his wife by saying "Talaaq" three times, then the wife should also be entitled to divorce her husband by saying "Talaaq" three times. 15. The divorce laws should be made easy so that if husband and wife want to divorce, then they could do so without going through the lengthy legal process. 16. Every woman should have 50% share in the property of her husband. 17. 50% of the jobs in Government sector should be reserved for the women irrespective of their caste or creed so that they do not become destitute in case of being divorced or deserted by her husband or in the event of her husband's death. 18. Dowry laws should be made more strict and anybody burning a bride for not bringing dowry must be sentenced to death.
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