The four culprits who have have been given death sentence were tried for offences under section 302 (murder), 307 (attempt to murder), 376 (2)(g) (gangrape), 377 (unnatural offences), 395 (dacoity), 396 (murder in dacoity), 201 (destruction of evidence), 120-B (conspiracy), 364 (kidnapping or abducting in order to murder), 365 ( kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine person), 394 (voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery), and 412 (dishonestly receiving property stolen in the commission of a dacoity) of the IPC.
The rape of 23 year old physiotherapy student on December 16, 2012 in a moving bus by 6 people had sent shock waves across the nation, given the brutality shown to the girl. The criminals not only did unimaginable things to the girl but they were also brutal with the male friend of the girl who was with her.
The victim, who had the greatest will to live life was returning home after watching film with her friend. They boarded a bus, which had 6 men sitting in it. The presence of other men in the bus instilled confidence among the couple but they did not know that all the men knew each other and had sinister plans ahead for them.
After sometime, the boy was assaulted by the men and left at the back of the bus, while the men took turns to rape the girl. The juvenile boy was the most brutal and inflicted violent pain to the girl with a rod.
Raped and dumped to die on 16 December 2012, this incident, which is now infamous as 'the Delhi gang rape,' pointed towards how unsafe the national capital had become for women. The incident made people talk about a taboo topic and protest against violence, abuse and domination of the male counterparts over the fairer sex.
President's House saw a huge uprising where the youth clearly stated that they were unhappy with the government and the security members of the country. The media on the other hand raised the issue of people's apathy and the callousness towards which the country is heading now.
Two weeks after the incident on December 16, the girl who was given the name 'Nirbhaya', was airlifted to Singapore for better treatment. In spite of not speaking for the first few days, the government also apologized that it failed the girl.
While she was fighting for her life, the girl gave a lengthy statement to the police which served as a key evidence in the trial. DNA tests and the testimony of her male friend who was with her on the bus and was assaulted by the gang established the crime of the culprits now.
This incident not only laid bare what was wrong with the Indian society but also forced the government to make stringent laws that makes stalking, voyeurism and sexual harassment a crime, and provide for the death penalty for repeat offenders or for rape attacks that lead to the victim's death.