The Nobel Prize in Physics for 2013 has been awarded jointly to Peter Higgs (84) of the University of Edinburgh, UK and Francois Englert (80) of the Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium for theoretically discovering the "God particle," which confers mass. The presence of the particle was confirmed last year that explains why Universe has matter.
According to the Nobel Prize jury, Higgs or God particle originates from an invisible field that fills up space though it may seem empty to become the cause of existence. Without it, all living things and all the other joined-up atoms in the Universe would not exist, it has been revealed by the discovery.
The laboratory at CERN, near Geneva, after a decades-long search, confirmed the existence of the particle in 2012. Though Englert and Higgs had proposed the theory independently in 1964, but its existence was proved experimentally last year.
According to scientists, the Higgs mechanism is a theoretical model that explains why and how gauge bosons despite the conditions for the symmetry being 'broken' create an unusual type of field throughout space for particles to have mass.
Thus, the Nobel Prize winning theory explains the understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles. However, it took 50 years for science to verify the theory and award the discoverers with the highest prize.
The Nobel Prizes for achievements in science, literature and peace were first started in 1901 as per the will of the dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel.