Accordingly, a Dimasa, J B Hagzer was the first MLA from the district and a Hmar Chawnhau Khawthlang became the first CEM of the Council. However, this agreement could not last for long and Chawnhau Khawthlang remained the first and last CEM from the non-Dimasa community.
There were delimitations of the MDC constituencies to the council in the years 1967 and 1978 in which the number of the Dimasa members was increased from 6 to 15 and that of non-Dimasas from 6 to 8 only. After these delimitations, the Dimasas applied their policy of dominating the Council. On the other hand, the innocent non-Dimasas remained unaware of their hidden designs and were satisfied to remain peaceful under communal harmony, Puruolte said.
He alleged that the Dimasas through their students’ organization, the Dimasa Students’ Union (DSU) raised slogans as ‘Cachar for Kacharis’ and’ N C Hills for Dimasas’ and claimed that 90 percent reservation of all government jobs and other facilities for the Dimasas in early 1980s. At this point, the non-Dimasas could know about their evil designs and to fight against it they formed a non-Dimasa platform called All Tribal Integrated Committee (ATIC). A rift between Dimasas and non-Dimasas emerged in the history of NC Hills‘ politics from that time, the IPF leaders explained.
The Dimasas in their attempt to turn the district into exclusively theirs, tried to change the name of the district after the word Dimasa into Dima Halali in 2001.The non-Dimasas also to counter their move formed a forum in the name of Indigenous Tribes Front (ITF). Due to strong opposition the proposal for the change of name of the district was dropped.
Afterwards, the Dimasas switched over to ethnic cleansing policy. In their attempt to oust other tribes one by one from the district started waging ethnic clashes with the help of the DHDs against the Hmar in 2003, against the Karbis in 2005 and against the Zeme Nagas in 2009. By this the Dimasas dominated over the N C Hills Autonomous Council and tried to change district’s name and ultimately succeeded by signing a peace accord for Dima Hasao Territorial Council by both factions of Dimasas through a tripartite agreement with Government of India and Assam government on October 8,2012. The N C Hills district was renamed by ‘force’ Dima Hasao on March 30, 2010, the IPF alleged.
It may be mentioned in this connection that Dima Hasao district has 35 percent population of Dimasas according to electoral rolls of 2008. However, considering all the facts non-Dimasas are disappointed and feel that there is no chance for survival of non-Dimasa communities in Dima Hasao district and therefore they demand for creation of a separate non-Dimasa Autonomous District for them. The non-Dimasas argument is that if for 35 percent population of Dimasas an autonomous district could be constituted there is no harm in constituting an autonomous council for 65 percent non-Dimasas. Their demand is to give them a home land where they can live in peace, IPF leaders said.
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