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Obesity among children leads to increased cardiovascular diseases and thyroid problems
It has been observed that obesity trends among children are causing serious public health concern across the world. It has been found that obesity has become a significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, morbidity and mortality. Recently, child obesity has been linked to increasing thyroid problem among children.
Overweight and obesity have quantitatively defined using age and sex specific normograms for body mass index (BMI). It is scientific norm that children with BMI equal to or exceeding the age-gender-specific 95th percentile are defined obese.

Likewise, children with BMI equal to or exceeding the 85th but are below 95th percentiles are defined overweight on the basis of normograms and they too have risk for obesity related co-morbidities.

Researches indicate that obesity among children can damage their thyroids. And, this results in the creation of a vicious cycle of metabolism and overweight.

The research has revealed that obesity could cause inflammation that harms and damages the thyroid leading to secretion of hormones to affect metabolism. A positive correlation between BMI and thyroid hormone levels has been observed, which suggested that fat excess had a role in thyroid tissue modification.

There is a need to go for healthier food choices and reducing the consumption of junk and fast foods that are high in fat, sugar and salt. Also, children must be given enough of fruit and vegetables. Moreover, physical activities, exercises and games should par of the daily life of children.

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