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Once a common bird, the house sparrow now on the verge of extinction
Gone are those days when the chirping sound from a perch of our roof would be heard frequently. The State Bird of Delhi, the house sparrow is on the verge of extinction. Due to decrease in numbers, a bird as common as the sparrow was included in the IUCN Red Data List of threatened species in 2002.

Once, sparrows were everywhere. It is said to be the ultimate groupie to mankind. They inhabited everything built by humans, from slums to palaces, and from industrial estates to mineshafts. Among the most sedentary of birds, house sparrows stay in the same area for almost all their lives. These days it is really hard to imagine just how common house sparrows used to be a long time ago.

Sparrows, although tiny birds, but yet are very sensitive. Their sudden disappearance has led to a warning for humans about the impending environmental hazards. Destruction of their natural habitat can't alone be blamed for it, essential human touch which they need and thrive upon has also reduced drastically. In other words, the busy lifestyle of today's generation has led to less emotional connection with the nature which is another reason of decreasing numbers of sparrows, say the environmentalists.

Non-availability of tiny insects as food due to loss of vegetation all around with mushrooming up of modern buildings, nonavailability of grains which served as protein for the young ones, our architecture with no nesting sites for sparrows, air-conditioners which leaves no entry or exist points for feeding sparrows nestlings are some of the reasons for reduction in numbers of house sparrows.

The increasing noise from automobiles and release of gaseous pollutants in the environment along with recent increase in electromagnetic radiations from cell phone towers and the increasing use of wireless devices indoors may be attributed as few other reasons for dislocation of the bird from urban areas.

Now in urban areas pigeons have taken over and are seen feeding on grains which has resulted in over explosion of their population. These pigeons now occupy the nesting spaces of the sparrows as a result of which the sparrows' population has drastically reduced in urban areas in the country.

The reduction in numbers of the bird has given bird lovers and conservationists alike a big reason for worry. Researches are being done. Recently, sparrows were found to be existing in small numbers in a few urban areas where they were provided with food and artificial nests by the locals. Its high time that everyone became alert and took steps for conservation of the species before the sparrow becomes extinct forever.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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