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Only strong anti-poaching laws can reduce extinction threats
Poaching has been a major problem in India, which is threatening a large number of endangered species. There is a serious need for a law, which would make poachers think twice before committing such acts.

ONE OF the main problems India faces is that everyone just talks. No one walks the talk. There are so many laws that are put on paper by the respective authorities. But, how many of them are seriously acted upon. In a similar instance, around 14 species of birds might soon be a thing of the past for India, due to regular poaching, use of pesticides etc. If poaching is a criminal offence, why have the wild life authorities not been serious about it? A harsh punishment should be levied on the poachers. The Indian Express reported in 2011 that serious wildlife crime would mean a punishment for six years in prison and a fine of Rs 25, 000.

There have been cases where poachers have been arrested in the past and have been let off without any major punishments apart from fines or some minor jail term. The respective authorities have to take actions, which makes the poachers think twice even before committing such acts. Poachers target birds that migrate to India, especially during winters due to their demand in the international market. The Indian government had established Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972 so as to put a check on poaching along with other things, but still poaching has been taking place on a regular scale in wildlife sanctuaries.

A list of endangered birds has been prepared by International Union for Conservation of Nature, which includes White-rumped Vulture, Indian Vulture, Red-headed Vulture, Pink-headed Duck, White-belled Heron, Sociable Lapwing, Christmas Frigatebird, Jerdon's Courser, Siberian Crane, Bengal Florican, Himalayan Quail, Forest Owlet, Spoon-billed Sandpiper, reports the Times Of India.

In the Sohelwa wildlife sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, there is a great threat to these kinds of birds, as poachers have been quite frequently visiting the place for a prize catch. There have been instances when a poacher has been caught at the location with nine Siberian birds. The person was later sent to jail. Such kinds of arrests have to be made on a regular scale to scare the poachers away. But, is this enough?

It is not only poaching alone that threatens the existence of such birds. Using pesticides and chemicals make the situation more difficult, as these chemicals are very harmful for birds. Though many of the wildlife parks have abundant staff such as night guards, but they remain underpaid. So, there are chances that they might not remain loyal as well. The forest authorities have to be proactive so as to protect these species from becoming extinct.

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