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Pakistan's growing desperation over Kashmir after deadlock on Indo-Pak talks
Since India's decision of August 18, 2014, to call off Foreign Secretary level talks with Pakistan which were scheduled in Islamabad on August 25, 2014, Pakistan is desperately making ceaselessly efforts to keep the issue alive at national and international level.

Following India's aversion to Pakistani diplomatic overtures to involve Kashmiri separatists in Indo-Pak bilateral talks on Kashmir, the Pakistani leadership made all out efforts to convince international leadership as well as Pakistani masses about the momentousness of talks on Kashmir issue for the peace and stability in the region.

After cancellation of Indo-Pak Secretary level talks, Pakistan also resorted to arm twisting tactics to force India to talk on Kashmir by indulging in prolonged and regular cease fire violations on International border and LOC in December -January2014. Indian hardliner and moderate Kashmiri leaders joined Pakistan in advocating resumption of Indo-Pak talks on Kashmir but the Indian government did not succumb to any internal or external pressure on its stand on the issue and gave Pakistan a befitting reply of it misadventures on Jammu and Kashmir borders.

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif (November 22, 2014) made a strong appeal to President Obama to raise the Kashmir issue with Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his visit to India in January 2015. Earlier in September 2014, Nawaz Sharif had raked up the Kashmir issue at the UN General Assembly and had described it as as 'core issue' for the peace in the region. Nawaz Sharif had also attempted to internationalise the Kashmir issue at SAARC summit in November 2014 at Kathmandu.

Pakistani High Commissioner to India, Abdul Basit was also summoned (January 28, 2015) to Islamabad by Nawaz Sharif to brief the latter on the status of the Indo-Pak relations. During the meeting Nawaz Sharif had reportedly asserted that India and Pakistan should resolve all their outstanding issues including Jammu and Kashmir for a viable peace in the region.

Earlier, Pakistan National Security Advisor, Sartaz Aziz, had announced (Islamabad-January 12, 2015) that Pakistan would not start any dialogue with India if Kashmir was not part of the agenda. He had also sought USA's help for resumption of talks with India.

Meanwhile, Pakistani and POK governments, political parties, especially fanatic political party Jamaat-e-Islami, Pakistan and international terrorist group Jamaat-ud-Dawah (JuD) observed the 'Kashmir Solidary Day' on February 5,2015 to express support to Kashmiris and draw international attention on the Kashmir issue. Pakistan has been observing the ' Kashmir Solidarity Day' since l991.

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif further internationalised the issue and addressed a joint session of POK Legislative Assembly (Muzaffrabad, Februrary 5) and claimed that Kashmir would be soon 'free'. As usual he also expressed Pakistan's political and diplomatic support to Kashmiris in their freedom struggle and called upon UN General Assembly and international community to play their role in implementing UN resolutions on Kashmir.

Nawaz Sharif also described the recently held Assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir as a 'sham'. He also announced to visit POK again in March, 2015.

Significantly, banned terrorist groups like Jamaat-ud-Dawah(Jud) led by the grand master of international terrorism, Hafeez Saeed and Hizbul Mujahdeen (HM) led by Syeed Salahudeen and fanatics of Jammat-e-Islami, Pakistan were in forefront of raising the Kashmir issue in the country, particularly in Punjab Province.

Hafeez Saeed, while addressing a rally (Lahore, February 5) on the occasion declared that friendship with India was not possible till Kashmir issue was resolved and he exhorted India to leave Kashmir. He also announced that as long as India troops were stationed in Kashmir, 'Jihad' would continue.

Hafeez Saeed termed the recent visit to Indian External Affairs Minister to China as a conspiracy against the impendence of Kashmir and called upon Nawaz Sharif to summon a summit of Islamic countries in Pakistan on the Kashmir issue. Sirajul Haq, Chief of Jamaat-e-Islami, Pakistan, in his address (February 5) to a rally at Kohala in POK demanded a Scotland-like referendum in Jammu and Kashmir and described Pakistan as incomplete without Kashmir.

Later, Syeed Salahudeen of HM, while speaking at press conference (Karachi, February 6) warned that if Kashmir issue was not resolved as per UN resolutions, the entire continent would face dire consequences. While demanding that Kashmir issue should be epicenter of the Indo-Pak bilateral talks, he held India responsible for its alleged increased involvement in Balochistan and providing arm and ammunition to the Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA).

In Islamabad, the Pakistan's National Assembly, on the occasion reiterated (February 5) Pakistan's continued political, moral and diplomatic support to Kashmiri people  for their right of self determination and passed a resolution urging international community to play its positive role in resolving Kashmir dispute as per UN resolutions.  

The Pakistan National Assembly also condemned the alleged human right violations in Jammu and Kashmir and urged the international community to investigate such cases. The Special Parliamentary Committee  on Kashmir also decided to observe a 'Kashmir Solidarity Week'.

In a bid to exploit Muslim world's sentiments on Kahsmir, the Pakistan's Foreign Secretary Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhary took the Kashmir issue to Islamic countries. He briefed (Islamabad, February 5) Pakistan based Ambassadors from Organisation of Islamic Council

(OIC) countries in connection with 'Kashmir Solidarity Day' and claimed that recently held elections in Jammu and Kashmir were not a substitute for a plebiscite in Kashmir.

Chaudhary also expressed Pakistan's diplomatic, moral and political support to Kashmiris in their so-called struggle and mentioned about the alleged brutalities committed by the Indian forces in Jammu and Kashmir to suppress Kashmiri movement against Indian rule. Pakistan Foreign Secretary also appreciated OIC Secretary General for supporting early peaceful resolution of Kashmir dispute.

Pakistani Embassy in Washington also observed 'Kashmir Solidarity Day'. Pakistani Ambassador or the USA, Jalil Abbas Jillani in his address urged India to work with Pakistan to resolve the issue and warned India against changing the special constitution status of the Jammu and Kashmir and its demographics. 

Meanwhile, when India criticized (Februarary 5) celebrating 'Kashmir Solidarity Day' by Pakistan government, Pakistan Foreign Office objected over it and its spokeswoman in a press conference (Islamabad, February 6) claimed that Jammu and Kashmir was an issue of self determination of Kashmiri people and reiterated Pakistan's "unwavering" political, moral and diplomatic support to Kashmiris. Commenting on the recently held Assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir, she claimed that elections were not substitute for the exercise of right of self-determination.

The unabated Kashmir basing by the Pakistan is indicative of the fact that the prolonged deadlock over Indo-Pakistan talks has been making Pakistan  more and more uneasy at national and international forums because of the fact that  survival of both Pakistani political polity and  it military establishment largely depends on keeping the Kashmir alive in country and at international level.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of merinews.com. In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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