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Participatory action research is more viable for training of mothers of differently abled children: Research study
"During training and education participatory action research becomes a learning experience for both the trainer and the trainees and they grow together. The trainer becomes the senior co-learner with trainees and the whole training process becomes dynamic," said the researcher at Disha whose abstract has been accepted for the 4th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2018) with focal theme 'Integrating Traditional Knowledge and Advance Research for Sustainable Future' to be held on 8th and 9th May 2018 at Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh.

The research titled "Participatory Action Research in Cognitive Development Training Session during a Mother-and-Child Programme at an Institution of Special Education Leads to Significantly Improved Practice and Participants' Reactions" suggests the use of dual codes cards, board games and care-giver or teacher made big books are needed to be developed both for teaching and home support.

An action research was undertaken jointly by three functionaries of Disha, a resource centre for multi-disabilities and school for children with special needs, during a session of the mother-and-child programme in which a special educator took the session and the other two functionaries functioned as observers. In the session, 10 mothers of mean age of 35 years with their differently abled children of mean age of 7 years participated.

A reflective session was held to recommend the improvement in the session and make it more effective. The purpose was to improve the practice of the special educator. The following recommendations were made: (1) Use of bigger self-made 15 cm X 15 cm cards instead use of cards made for general education children; (2) Use of visual symbols rather than pictures on the bigger cards; (3) Use of self-made big-books with micro learning procedure; (4) Use of board games of bigger size.

A new session transactional plan was made along with the recommended resource material specially designed and constructed for the training session. The trainees liked the experience of participatory action research significantly as revealed by chi-squared test with 2 degrees of freedom.

The keywords around which the narrative of the research report has been organized are the training, special education, learning material, action research, and improving practice.

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