Nothing is very certain if economic reforms can be successful in a country where red tape, corruption, woeful power supplies and problems in acquiring land act as powerful deterrents to investment. The Washington Post quoted Manisha Priyam, associate professor of politics at Delhi University and a research scholar at the London School of Economics raising the question: “He didn’t address issues of transparency, allocation of national resources or any of the domestic reforms that everybody is demanding. Does he not have anything to say on that?”
The PM’s speech may be a mood-changer but not yet a game-changer. Economy has gone from bad to worse. But who was responsible for all these? Manmohan Singh himself has been the Prime Minister since 2004. The decision to open up the retail market, something the U.S. government has long lobbied for, was a significant political risk for Singh. The Prime Minister wanted to assure the nation that it has enough support from other smaller, regional- and caste-based parties to shore up its coalition and comfortably win any confidence vote in Parliament. But people wanted to hear from him if reforms could help the growth of the country and in which way?
Most Indians now understand and support reforms through open market. In earlier times, the Left parties created some apprehension in the minds of people by their continuous propaganda against capitalism and America. But after the exit of the CPI(M) from UPA I, the left had their debacle in elections. People rejected them in West Bengal and Kerala. During the last few months the Left did not intensify their campaign against new economic reforms, which Singh wanted to initiate in the country.
Mamata’s opposition was more due to the CPI(M) phobia and her crusade against FDI which she recorded also in her election manifesto is like stealing wind from the sail of the Left. The cause of the poor farmers is also her priority. People have seen how the Left parties have themselves showed some flexibility and accepted the foreign investment in many sectors. Even their participation in the bandh against FDI retail is half hearted.
It is still not much clear how the opening of FDI in retail can affect the poor farmers, which even Akhilesh Yadav talked about recently. He also met Mamata only the other day in Kolkata. He supported Congress for remaining in power only to keep the communal forces away from Delhi.Economic reforms suggested by Dr. Manmohan Singh are not much important. Question is how it is going to be done. What is done to protect the interests of an average farmer or retailer or wage-earner without destroying his only livelihood. It is hard for middle-class or the rich to understand the daily lives of millions of poor Indians who sustain on bare minimum and their concerns are genuine. These folks don't have the education, disposable income, savings, steady corporate job, training, connections or hereditary assets - they live day to day with no security. And they get exploited by unscrupulous political parties of various shades of black and grey, who steal the votes with lies and violence.
Dr Singh knows this all too well. He should roll out measures that lay out how the interests are protected and what the poor (retailers in this case) can do to safeguard and what alternatives the government is making available to help bridge the gap until the poor figure out how to adjust. It is an obligation on both the government and the private sector and in their best interests - having more people with decent jobs and livelihood mean more customers for the big box retailers.
PM’s action of freeing Indian market to America or any other civilized nations is in the best interest of India. It was India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and his Congress Party who brought "socialism", Keynesian monetary and fiscal policy, "big government sector" enterprises, too many government regulations, very high income tax, and such other anti-business policies - which made India a "beggar" country. Instead, if Mr. Nehru might have installed free market capitalist principles in India, then India might have been the richest country in the world. India has seen a economic euphoria after the economic reforms initiated in the nineties. By making the country a haven of free market economy and trying to attract Walmart and other giant businesses to invest billions in India, bold economic measures are being taken.
There should be debates on free market and open economy concepts, which even the Left partially accepts. Today is a time for global economy. Singh said he acted in the national interest to stop "a loss of support in our economy" and asked for people's "trust, understanding and your cooperation" to avert a crisis. The most important step is to restore the confidence of foreign investors, as "Money does not grow on trees and that is why these decisions have been made”. But the benefits will never reach the common people if the government indulges in corruption and nothing is done to weed out corruption.
"At times, we need to say no to the easy option and say yes to the more difficult one," said an unfuzzed Singh. While political opponents accused Singh of selling out the country to foreign interests, the media lauded him for addressing the difficulties facing Asia's third-largest economy. What he missed to tell is that without fighting out corruption, nothing effective can really be achieved even instead of the reforms of any kind.
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