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Poor air quality adversely affects growth of fetus and newborn in National Capital
Air pollution has become a nightmare for Delhiites. The residents of national capital are inhaling carcinogens through air. The toxic-air in the climate is mainly affecting the newborn and pregnant ladies.

According to a study done at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital in the national capital, Dr Neelam Kler, who was part of the study, said that toxic air is shrinking the fetus and babies. The pollutants that pregnant women inhale, not only affects the yet-to-be-born babies but also affects down the line, when the baby attains teenage.

Toxic gases like carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide etc. which are present in the air not only affect the growth of fetus but also lead to premature birth. The poor air quality is affecting the vulnerable group of the society. 

In a past study which was done in association with Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), Indian Meteorol-ogical Department (IMD), and London School of Hygiene, as a testimonial, 10,565 births in hospitals were linked to real time air-quality. 

Infants, children, the elderly, and those with cardiopulmonary disease are among the most susceptible to adverse health effects of air pollution. 

The finding has shown that Delhi children have both upper respiratory symptoms and lower respiratory symptoms, like sinusitis, running or stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat, common cold with fever, frequent dry cough, sputum-producing cough, wheezing breath, breathlessness on exertion, chest pain or tightness, disturbed sleep etc.

The school going children spend more time outdoors than adults and have an increased exposure to outdoor air pollution. So, in Delhi the school children have increased prevalence of restrictive, obstructive, as well as combined type of lung function deficits.

Air pollution also has indirect effects on ones health. In adults, particulate air-pollution is associated with respiratory and cardiovascular problems, cardiovascular mortality and lung cancer. It also affects the behavior and activities of children like, the kids might have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

After reading all these reports you would be thinking on how to safe guard your children from air pollution in the city. So, here are some tips for you:

  • While traveling with kids, try to avoid routes where you can get caught in long traffic jams. Even if you are struck in traffic then keep your windows closed.

  • Cover your kids eyes and face. Make sure that they change their clothes and take bath after returning back from outside.

  • Don't let them play in areas which are more exposed to smoke emission.

  • Make them learn breathing exercises. This will be doubly beneficial for them, firstly it will make their respiratory system stronger. Secondly, it will help in increasing their concentration.

  • Make sure that kids have lots of fluids like water and fresh juices.

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