In the evening, Benedict left the Vatican in a helicopter to papal residence of Castel Gandolfo. In retirement, he will still be addressed as "Your Holiness Benedict XVI" with the title 'emeritus pope'. Thus ends Benedict's eight-year pontificate, following his historic resignation that stunned the world.
During his papacy, Benedict XVI had stressed the fundamental Christian values and criticized gay marriages and abortions. He had once said, "The various forms of the dissolution of matrimony today, like free unions, trial marriages and going up to pseudo-matrimonies by people of the same sex, are rather expressions of an anarchic freedom that wrongly passes for true freedom of man." He will be known for his efforts to tackle the issue of homosexuality within the Church and the wider world.
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