Birth rate is defined as the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. Birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth.
INDIA IS the second most populous country in the world with a massive population. The first is China, but in time to come, India will supersede China. Presently India has 1.15 billion people, but by 2030, it is estimated that it will have 1.53 billion people. Over the last six decades, there has been a rapid increase in the population. During the early fifties, the population was just 350 million.
Population has thus increased more than three times. Quite a large percentage of population is in the northern regions including the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh and Rajasthan. Unless these states control the birth rates, population control would be impossible. Birth rate is defined as the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. Birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
It appears that population is like tidal waves in these states. The increasing population in these states is essentially due to poverty. In fact, it is a very difficult and vicious circle. Poverty leads to larger family size, so that all the members (including children) work to bring in income for the family and once the family size is large, it leads to more expenditure on food, clothing and shelter, and hence more poverty.
It is rather difficult to get out of such a vicious circle. Poverty, therefore, is the basic reason for population explosion in India. This is the biggest problem that the country is facing. There are also (illegal) child marriages, especially in poor states. For example, about 36 per cent of the women in Uttar Pradesh give birth before they are 18 years of age. The only way out is the political support to eradicate poverty and once this is done, the problem will get automatically sorted out.
It is said that every problem has a solution, may not be the best, but the last best. According to my thinking, population control in India is not a problem, as it has no solution. Let us face the aftermath of the population explosion.