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'Prevention is better than cure', holds true for migraine
Despite it being a nightmare, there is no fool proof treatment available for migraine, forcing the patients to find novel and traditional ways to get relief from the attack. In a similar way, mother of two from London, who suffered from migraines, discovered that munching on a banana every couple of hours was a miracle cure.

Bananas are good sustenance, she says, and whenever she feels an attack is about to strike, she just grabs one straightaway. Many patients have a question as to what is there in this type of headache (migraine) that it totally incapacitates them.

Dr K Ravishankar, specialist in headache medicine, was quoted as saying by The Times of India, “The problem of migraine headaches occurs in those with a 'ready' brain condition, which is in fact a condition marked by the hyper excitability of the brain. This condition is genetically inherited and about 20 per cent people are migraine prone individuals. Whenever this 'ready' brain is influenced by triggers (both environmental and lifestyle mistakes), a severe headache with distinctly recognisable features occur. This headache is called migraine."

There are also many factors which can trigger migraine. They can be divided into environmental and lifestyle mistakes. Environmental factors like change in weather, excess heat, high intensity light, high humidity, and mistakes people do in their lifestyle which trigger migraine are like skipping breakfast, not having meals at proper time or fasting, taking too much tension, eating extra, consuming food which can create gastritis.

Dr Charulata Sankhla, Consultant Neurophysician, says, “Factors like improper sleep, skipping meals, extreme light/sound, stress and consumption of certain foods such as some variety of cheese, chocolate, foods that contain MSG, etc tend to trigger migraine in susceptible people."

How can we get rid of this? Rather than treating migraine it is better to prevent it by improving lifestyle habits like proper eating, sleeping on time, and no excess eating.

We can have little control over environmental factors though by avoiding too much stress or getting out in too hot climate or exposing ourselves to too much light. These small efforts can reduce the frequency of migraine and also duration of the attack.

Dr Sunil C Kutty says that the old adage, ‘prevention is better than cure’ holds true for migraine and the best treatment would be to avoid the trigger factors. There are several categories of preventive migraine medicine, ranging from diet changes and exercise, to prescription drugs.

If you can’t prevent it then you should opt for immediate consultancy from a doctor, and no medicine should be taken without their prescription. "Medicines such as Triptan can be taken after consulting a headache specialist. However, it is not advisable to take pain killers on a regular basis and without consulting a doctor for there are side-effects involved.”

In allopathy, there are two types of therapies: Abortive- started during aura, or if in its absence after the onset of headache, and Prophylactic therapies - to prevent migraine attack, but has to be taken for prolonged periods. It is also said that if patient is not responding to these treatments then surgical treatment has been proposed which has reportedly given good results in select cases.

But today maximum people are opting for natural and ayurvedic treatment which doesn’t have any side effects but can take longer time to find roots and therefore, treat root cause of migraine.

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