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Raising emotional quotient in children for more happy and fulfilling life
In the education world different research works were carried out in the area of human brain and behavioural science; and intelligent quotient (IQ) was largely considered as a yardstick for academic achievement and life success a child can go under his or her present IQ.

However, in 1995 Prof Daniel Goleman came out with a different yardstick which triggered a new debate in educator's world. The original idea is that emotional quotient of a child is more important than IQ. "Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ" is a 1995 book by Daniel Goleman. In this book, Goleman emphasized the importance of emotional quotient over intelligent quotient in the area of success in life and academic achievements.

Since 1995 many more educators joined the chorus to put this yardstick as important for nurturing the young minds across all schools. Today almost every school in the Western world has accepted that emotional intelligence of a child is an area which requires greater involvement of teachers and parents.

Emotional intelligence of a child is governed by five main pillars namely Self Awareness, Self Management, Motivation, Empathy and Social skills. The first part of EQ is to feel the emotions under different situation for example, if the child finds something exciting or interesting he/she must feel happy and if they find something uninteresting they experience boredom. Identification of such emotions at mind level is self awareness.

The second pillar is to manage self-emotion which is required, for example, if the child is not finding the behaviour of his friend irritating he/she senses their anger and put effort to control it. So, the second part is to identify unwanted emotion and moderate or neutralize it to feel pleasant.

The third pillar is to self-motivate with the help of emotions so that work performance and concentration will improve. The fourth one is to feel the emotions of others and share own emotions accordingly. The last one is to adapt emotions in such a way so as to harmonize social relationship. It follows that ultimate goal of raising emotional intelligence is to gain skill to manage social relation at healthy and pleasing level.

In research, emotional intelligence and social intelligence are used interchangeably because emotional intelligence is a cause and social harmony is the result. This is the last circuitry of the brain to become anatomically mature and because of neuro-plasticity of the brain it shapes itself according to the experiences gained socially.

Various research projects were conducted at school-level and various surprising results were found on EQ over IQ in young minds.

Anti-social behaviour like indiscipline, disturbance in the classroom etc. was down by 10 per cent and pro social behaviour (helping others, work as team etc.) was up by 10 per cent and above all, academic achievement of children was improved by 11 per cent and it was also found in the research that EQ helps the kids learn basic learning skills which is very helpful in academics in later period.

In other research, it was found that for livelihood, the contribution of IQ was meagrely 10 per cent and the rest 90 per cent contribution of success was by EQ. Respondents answered that it was their social skills which helped them getting success in their area of work rather the IQ level achieved through education. It follows from the research that high IQ may be necessary to get admission in good schools, colleges or universities but in real life challenges EQ is one which supports the most.

It is no hidden fact that EQ is an important area where every teacher and parent needs to work upon.

There are various ways for imbibing or inculcating social intelligence in young minds. Bhagwad Gita says that to raise the consciousness of the mind to a higher level equanimity of mind is necessary and so to raise the emotional intelligence of young minds yogic meditations are very much required. Research also shows that meditation is one important tool which may help tremendously in raising this intelligence.

The involvement of parents at every level of child's emotional conflict is way to expand the emotional consciousness of a child. Be it anger or joy or boredom, the meaning and importance of emotional expressions need to be explained and identified to a child.

In many schools various activities are promoted to raise the emotional consciousness of child like making of mood meter, use of smiley, soft toys robotic toys etc. Even separate faculty is appointed to supervise such fun-based activities.

Students counselling at teachers and parents level are also conducted to raise the level of understanding.

It is seen that if the emotional intelligence of a child is well aligned and matched with his intelligent quotient, it may prove a boon in academic achievement and career success of a child.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of merinews.com. In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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