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Scientists seem to be at the threshold of a "second genesis", it's a matter of wait and watch now
Scientists seem sure that a second genesis wouldn't just broaden our view of life but the alternative life forms could supply bio-technologists with fresh molecules and new functions that they could apply to practical problems.

The way the research is proceeding, it seems likely that labs are closing in on a "second genesis" - a synthetic, made-to-order living system could produce everything from new drugs to biofuels and greenhouse gas absorbers, the  a recent research report said.

The finishing line could be in sight after geneticists Professor George Church and Dr Michael Jewett of Harvard Medical School, informed a synthetic biology conference in Hong Kong some years ago that they had synthetically created part of a cell, called a ribosome.  The periodical of New Scientist reported that the breakthrough offers hope that they could develop an entire cell.

Another scientist, Craig Venter, however, begs to differ. "I keep trying to make it clear - we're not creating life from scratch," he claims. Venter's team at the J. Craig Venter Institute in Rockville, Maryland, plans to remove the genome from an existing bacterial cell and replace it with one of their own design. If successful, this will indeed result in a novel life form, but it is a far cry from the ultimate goal of a second genesis, as Venter would be the first to admit.

It has also been reported that some other teams, seek to redesign a living system from first principles. If successful, they would provide an entirely new form of life unlike any that exists today, an achievement comparable to finding alien life on other planets - but one which would raise novel ethical and safety issues, producing synthetic life would be an achievement comparable to finding alien life on other planets

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