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Settle international disputes by peaceful means and refrain from threat or use of force: UN on International Day of Neutrality
Last year only, the UN had proclaimed the observance of International Day of Neutrality on 12 December each year and the UN agencies and the world community are participating in it. The observance is meant to urge the 'member states to settle their international disputes by peaceful means and to refrain from the threat or the use of force in their relations'.

"In the face of political tension and escalating crises, it is of great importance to uphold the principles of sovereignty and the sovereign equality of States, territorial integrity, self-determination and non-intervention in the internal affairs of any State, and to defend, promote and encourage the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security are not endangered," informs the UN website.

The UN  has called on the world community to abide by the policy of neutrality contributes to the strengthening of peace and security in relevant regions and at the global level and plays an important role in developing peaceful, friendly and mutually beneficial relations between the countries of the world.

According to the UN that the policy of neutrality was the 'key factor for providing conditions and building a platform for peaceful negotiations'  which is 'based on the tools of preventive diplomacy, such as early warning and prevention of conflict, mediation, good offices, fact-finding missions, negotiation, the use of special envoys, informal consultations, peace building and targeted development activities'.

UN holds 'neutrality' as the 'legal status arising from the abstention of a state from all participation in a war between other states, the maintenance of an attitude of impartiality toward the belligerents'.

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