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Political Play
Zulfiqar Shah
Sindh legislated for the secession of Sindh from Royal British India in 1943 09 December, 2018
Sindh, a province of Pakistan, has legislated to be separate, sovereign and independent national-state country outside British India, and become World War II ally of Axix powers, was defeated in war by the Britain, and despite becoming member state of the UN was annexed to the Pakistan.

On the other hand, Lahore Resolution of 1940 by All India Muslim League demanded a Bombay Presidency pattern combine arrangement for Muslim Majority provinces of British India. Muslim demanded Pakistan in 1946. 

Sindh demanded secession of Sindh from Royal British India as a separate, independent nation-state country through Sindh Resolution of 1943, legislated on 3rd March 1943.

An untold Sindh and Pakistan does exist because the historical truth and facts are not made public until this moment to either Sindh or the rest in Pakistan as well as worldwide. The most important and precious truth of our last 150 years disclosed and unfolded today along with the evidences and details.. G. M. Syyed tabled the resolution of separation of Sindh on 3rd March 1943 in Sind Legislative Assembly (today Sindh Assembly) is known in Pakistan wrongly as Pakistan Resolution by Sindh Assembly. 

3rd March 1943 Resolution by Sind Legislative Assembly was moved by Mr. G M Syyed, the veteran Sindhi politician, and leader of the house in Sind Legislative Assembly in 1943. The resolution reads:

  • "This House recommends to Government to convey to His Majesty's Government through His Excellency the Viceroy, the sentiments and wishes of the Muslims of this Province that whereas Muslims of India are a separate nation possessing religion, philosophy, social customs, literature, traditions, political and economic theories of their own, quite different from those of the Hindus, they are justly entitled to the right, as a single, separate nation, to have independent national states of their own, carved out in the zones where they are in majority in the sub-continent of India. 
  • Wherefore they emphatically declare that no constitution shall be acceptable to them that will place the Muslims under a Central Government dominated by another nation, as in order to be able to play their part freely on their own distinct lines in the order of things to come, it is necessary for them to have independent National States of their own and hence any attempt to subject the Muslims of India under one Central Government is bound to result in Civil War with grave unhappy consequences."

In the first paragraph of the resolution demand the separate country-hood of all Muslim majority provinces in British India including of Sindh. Albeit, the Parliamentarians of Sind Legislative Assembly have mentioned the words "Pakistan" and All India Muslim League "Resolution of 1940" in their speeches during the discussion on the resolution." The word "Pakistan" was for the first time used by a Sindhi Hindu Parliamenterian of Sind Legislative Assembly Mr. Nihchaldas c. Vazirani. Therefore, word Pakistan is by a Sindhi Hindu, unfortunately the Sindhi Hindu in Pakistan, like other religious minorities are victimized. An ethnic cleansing in Sindhi is under way, Hindu are also victim of genocide. Meanwhile Khan Bahadur Mohammad Ayub Khuhro mentioned the Lahore Resolution of 1940 which is called Pakistan Resolution.  

The Sindh Resolution and Legislation of 1943 by Sind Legislative Assembly terms Sindh an independent national-state and decides to be free sovereign and separate country, and detach Sindh British Indian constitution, and also demand for other Muslim majority provinces I British India the same status. The resolution also talks of civil war if Sindh is not separated from British India by the Her Excellency Queen.    

The Prime Minister of Sindh in 1943, called Premier, didn't used word Pakistan in his speech on the floor.

On the other hand, the so-called Pakistan Resolution of 1940 or Lahore Resolution asks for the semi-confederation of Muslim majority provinces in British India to be given within India with autonomy, sovereignty and independence. The much toughed Pakistan Resolution 1940 aka 1940 Resolution does not demand a separate country of Indian Muslims i-e Pakistan.  The text of the resolution reads:  

  •  Resolved that it is the considered view of this Session of the All-India Muslim League that no constitutional plan would be workable in this country or acceptable to the Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic principles, viz., that geographically contiguous units' are demarcated into regions which should be constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority as in the North Western and Eastern Zones of (British) India should be grouped to constitute "independent States" in which the constituent units should be autonomous and sovereign.That adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards should be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities in these units in the regions for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultations with them and in other parts of (British) India where the Mussalmans (Muslims) are in a majority adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards shall be specifically provided in constitution for them and other minorities for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights and interests in consultation with them.

1940 Resolution by All India Muslim League terms provinces of India as independent, sovereign national states, mentions India the country and ask for a Bombay Presidency like region within India of independent Muslim majority states aka Muslim majority provinces in British India. In never talked about Pakistan. Quaid-e-Azam (the great leader) as he was known among the All India Muslim League members and their supporters, Mr. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, a Sindhi, talked first time for Pakistan by the end of 1946. Later on, when provincial elections held in Birtish India in 1946, All India Muslim League was deafeated by the G M Syyed led political party that formed the Sindh government.  

So far political philosophy is concerned; G M syyed was the first person who coined in 1943 on the floor of Sind Legislative Assembly the term "national state" in the history of political science having same meaning of term nation-state.  

Sindh allied Axis power, joined World War II and was defeated by the Allied Powers; unfortunately Sindh was not made member state of the United Nation.  

Today Sindh annexed by Birtain with Pakistan, and is considered to be an occupied territory since Sindh was defeated in World War I along with the Axis Powers by the Britain.  

Sindh no doubt is ruined, devastated in Pakistan. Massacres, resources capturing and genocides is over seventy years long political history of Sindh in the context of human rights, particularly civil and political rights.

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
About The Author
Zulfiqar Shah is a stateless activist, analyst, and researcher. Although he is a refugee, and living a life in exile, he is a born Sindhi and South Asian. Currently he lives in India.
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