Solar energy not grid power for farmers: C.N.R. Rao, Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna Dr. C.N.R. Rao today suggested that instead of making farmers depend on grid power, government could give them solar panels and pump sets if need be free of cost and utilise better techniques of water usage at an ASSOCHAM event held in New Delhi.
Rao termed energy and water as the two most important areas of action
for the immediate future. He disclosed that a report on these
areas had already been submitted to the previous government. "While
new energy sources like nuclear was important, the answer for our
energy problem lay in the abundant Sun's energy," said Dr. Rao.
the ASSOCHAM annual 17th JRD Tata Memorial Lecture organised by the
Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India
CNR Rao disclosed that hydrogen represented the best source for
abundant energy as against other sources. He explained the work
his groups were doing in sourcing hydrogen from the technology
plants were employing photosynthesis. Hydrogen was a clean fuel and
met the demand for a renewable energy source.
Rao also regretted the inadequate level of fundamental scientific
output compared to what China and South Korea were doing. Quality
science education was lacking and teachers were not able to inspire
their students to take up science and research as a life
dedication. China and South Korea were scaling up their science
teaching and research investment hugely. He recalled how South
Korea's advance in the area was beginning to challenge Japan's
Indian science output was about 40,000 patents, China's was in
terms of lakhs. Korea was spending as much as 3 per cent of its GDP
on science and China 1.7 per cent while India was still around one
percent. He wanted investment in education a 6 per cent of GDP
but that education should be quality education for which he called
for retraining of teachers to enable them to create that passion for
science among their students, said Dr. Rao.
some of the reasons for India's lag in science, Dr. Rao who was for
several years director of Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore,
said scientific enquiry should be directed into new areas of science.
from his own experience he said after he and his students took up
research in the characteristics of materials other than carbon of
films that are only one atom thick, there was a burst of activity in
this sphere that was being recognised abroad in several top research
institutions and universities.
pointed out how instead of repeating work that was already going on
abroad on graphene( one atom thick carbon material) the application
of what was discovered in carbon to other materials became highly
productive for Indian science. Such intuition was more
important than emphasis on equipment and institutions in our academia
and students, he said.
eighty-year old scientist who still continues to teach and lead
research groups in science surprised the elite audience of
industrialists at the lecture with instances of how several new areas
of research he had opened up in his institution even after he crossed
the age of 70. "In fact, I have done more work after reaching 70
than I did before it even though my work then was huge.", he
the mantra of life and success, Dr. Rao suggested pray for equanimity
in Life. Rao said, if we as human being developed this equanimity,
rest everything money, success and happiness will itself follow.