One of the most challenging job for a photographer is to capture images during the night. But, when the act comes together, it is a wonderful image worthy enough to be framed. But, one needs to master the special skill of photographing during the night.
Night photography has many facets such as capturing images of city lights, lamp shades, lighted buildings, activities in street lights, lighted statues or monuments, compositions with the moon in the background, reflection of light in water bodies, places bathed in moonlight like desert and mountain landscapes. Reasonable night photography require a lot of patience.
The first guideline for night photography is the use of a tripod and low ISO setting. The low ISO setting ensures better quality of an image during the night, but it also depends on the light source available at the moment. Since exposure time is longer, one needs to use a tripod for camera to be steady.
Secondly, if you want the camera to be rock steady, use the self-timer or remote shutter release. This reduces minute shaking, induced by pressing the shutter release. If your hand shakes, the image produced by the camera makes the image blurry. Moreover, the subjects have to be still for night photography.
On many instances, you may require the exposure time of 30 seconds for a landscape under full-moon conditions. It is better to experiment with different apertures and ISO along with keeping your exposures to 30 seconds or less. You may surprise yourself with the images produced.
It is advisable to use the fastest lens possible like prime lens, but try to avoid filters. Preferably, use lens, which gives you a maximum aperture of at least f/2.8. However, prime lens is a good option for night photography, as they have the least lens flare.