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South Indian kolam is all about simplicity, symmetry and auspiciousness
Kolam is a form of auspicious drawing that is drawn by using rice flour, chalk, chalk powder or white rock powder on floor or the threshold of the houses in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and some parts of Goa. Traditionally, the women of the households draw daily kolam to begin their day auspiciously.

On the New Year Day like Vishu and Puthandu festivals, special kolam designs are drawn. The typical design is the central square with circles and petals around it the next two stages.

The decorations of different segments of the kolam are done with checks, lines, dots or curves on the New Year Day. The square at the centre means fairness and peace, while outwards extensions in the form of circles, curves and petal designs which stand for peace and prosperity. And, the decorative fillers stand for aesthetics and balance in life.

However, with times colours and new designs have been added to kolams but traditionally it is drawn in white since white colour stands of purity and control of sensual gratifications.

For special occasions, limestone and red brick powder or geru is used to give a contrast to the white design. Though kolams are usually done with dry rice flour, however, for longevity, diluted rice paste or chalk paste is being used. Essentially, the South Indian kolam is all about simplicity, symmetry and auspiciousness.

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