The report released on Wednesday said that Rohingyas bore the brunt of a government crackdown in Rakhine state after a week of arson and machete attack by both ethnic Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingyas.
Exposing the deep-rooted communal animosity between Rakhines and Rohingyas, the report, which is based on 57 interviews put the civilian government in a fix on its promises to protect the human rights after decades of brutal army rule.
Adams said: "Burmese security forces failed to protect the Arakan (Rakhine) and Rohingya from each other and then unleashed a campaign of violence and mass round-ups against the Rohingya," adding, "The government claims it is committed to ending ethnic strife and abuse, but recent events in Arakan State demonstrate that state-sponsored persecution and discrimination persist."
The country, which has been in news since the watershed elections in which pro-democracy campaigner Aung San Suu Kyi sweeped the polls, is made up of diverse ethnic and religious groups. The irony is that at least 800, 000 Rohingya Muslims living in the country are not recognised by the government as an ethnic group.
Many people have been voicing their opinions that the community is persecuted just because they are Muslims and had they been christians or Jews, international community would have pressurised the third-world country.
The reports of persecution have outraged the Muslim communities across the globe and some extremist organisations have even threatened the Myanmar government of serious repercussions, if they failed to protect the Rohingya Muslims.
Nothwithsatnding the widespread allegations of rape and persecution, the country's foreign minister told media that 'maximum restraint' is being observed in restoring law and order. Earlier, the neighbouring Bangladesh forced back hundreds of fleeing Rohingyas into the sea and closed its borders for them.
Myanmar government on the other hand maintains that it won't resettle all the Rohingya Muslims living in the country. President Thein Sein last month said that only third generation Rohingyas whose ancestors arrived before 1948 – country's year of independence.
The riots, according to New York Times erupted after the rape and murder of a Rakhine woman in May this year by three Rohingyas. Details of the crime, according to Human Rights Watch were circulated locally in an incendiary pamphlet, and on June 3 a large group of Arakan villagers in Toungop stopped a bus and brutally killed 10 Muslims on board.
Human Rights Watch confirmed that nearby local police and army stood by and watched but did not intervene. In retaliation, on June 8 thousands of Rohingya rioted in Maungdaw town after Friday prayers, killed an unknown number of Arakan, and destroyed considerable Arakan property.
Calling the government to put an end abuses, the Human Rights Watch said that police and troops did not intervene to stop the mobs from beating the Muslims to death. “During the riots that followed, some Rohingyas who tried to flee or put out fires at their homes were shot at by paramilitaries,” it said in the report.
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