Historians of all ages have generally suppressed the fact to suit the ruler’s fancy. They were also conscious of their interests and prejudices. Exact causes of the execution of Sarmad were never known. The people believe that it was the vicinity of Sarmad with Dara Shikoh, which finally landed him on the chopping board. Sarmad was the spiritual mentor of Dara Shikoh and he had denounced Aurangzeb for the killing of Dara Shikoh and other royals from the ramparts of Jama Masjid, Delhi.
In his narration, ‘Stories of Sarmad’, famous chronicler Bilal Tanweer describes the last horrifying incident of Saramd’s life before his execution in the following words:
“As Aurengzeb’s procession was passing through the streets of Delhi, he saw Sarmad sitting on the roadside. The king ordered the march to halt and demanded the mystic to cover himself. The saint looked at him with wrathful eyes and said, ‘If you think I need to cover my nudity so badly why don’t you cover me yourself?’ When the Emperor lifted the blanket on Sarmad’s side, the king saw the bloodied heads of all the family members he had secretly murdered. Aurangzeb looked at Sarmad who said, ‘Now tell me what should I cover – your sins or my thighs?’ "
According to historians, Sarmad was born to an Armenian Jewish merchant’s family of Iran. Having come to know about the enormous admiration of Fine Arts in India he decided to do business with Indians. He embarked upon a journey that changed the direction and destination of his life. He brought with him many valuable objects, which could have fetched him rich returns. It wasn’t destined to be. He reached Thatta (presently in Pakistani Punjab) and forgot about his errand. Instead he fell in love with a local girl, and in the aftermath, lost every possession, including the local girl. The impact of unrequited love persuaded him to give up his clothes forever. He would walk the streets of Thatta in the dress of nature. However, even in this state of absolute renunciation, Sarmad achieved the sublime heights of spiritualism. A boy, Abhi Chand decided to become his disciple and this new relationship did something to soften the bruised contours of Sarmad’s persona.
Scholars favored by the royal court of Aurangzeb and even now the professors of school of bigotry use this relationship to tarnish the impeccable image of Sarmad. They forget the platonic relationship of Mehmood Ghaznavi and his slave Ayaaz, eulogized by famous poet Iqbal – ‘Ek hi saf men khare ho gaye Mehmood-o-Ayaaz, na koi banda raha na koi banda nawaz’ and in much bolder statement by the same poet – ‘na woh Ghaznavi men tarap rahi na who khum hai zulf-e-Ayaaz me’; they push under the carpet the relationship between Amir Khusroo and his master Hazrat Nizam Uddin Awalia. The famous couplets of Amir Khusro – “Khusro Nizam ke bal bal jaihyoun…” Khusru died within few weeks after the death of his master and lies in eternal sleep only forty feet away from his master. The finest depiction of this relationship is described by Kabir Das – “Guru Govind douo khare, kake lagoon pai, Balihari Guru aapne Govind diyo batay.”
There is no relationship more enduring than between God and human being; there is no relationship more pious than between the son and mother; there is no relationship more sacred than between Teacher and Taught.
Aurangzeb has deputed Mulla Qawi, the Chief Justice to prosecute Sarmad whose fate was known to everyone before the trial.
Moulana Abul Kalam Azad referred to the Pro-Aurangzeb historian Sher Khan Lodhi, who described Sarmad in his book “Miras-ul-Khyal” in the following words:” Sulatan Dara had an affinity to mad people so he became friend with Sarmad.”
Moulana Azad commented: “He (Lodhi) doesn’t know that there is set of scales in which this madness would outweigh all wisdom in the world. Dara was probably fed up with the pernicious wisdom of the likes of Aurangzeb that he preferred the company of Sarmad.” Sarmad suffered the same fate as Dara. Moulana adds – “Dara Shikoh had a unique mind and temperament and all should mourn the unfortunate day when his enemies triumphed.”
There is a large Neem tree exactly opposite to the eastern gate of Delhi Jama Masjid, which provides the peaceful abode for the holy saint who spoke the common language between all religions. In the cacophony of busy Delhi – 6 the moment you enter the red-walled dargah you leave behind all your heavy burdens; you feel a complete peace of mind and in unison with God – no matter the faith you follow.
Sarmad had challenged the religious fanaticism in his life and defeated the bigotry in his death.
The most popular citizen journalists' reports on merinews chosen automatically on the basis of views and comments