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Summers of 2014 in India: Kolkata is already at 40°C; Delhi may have below normal rainfall
Summers have started and Kolkata is already in the grip of heat wave where the maximum temperature almost touched the 40°C on Sunday making it the hottest day of March in the last eight years. Looking at such horrible situation in March, people in the other parts of the country are worried about the summers, which are still approaching.

We talked to Mahesh Palawat, Chief Meteorologist at Skymet to know more about, how intense the summers would be?

Question (Q) : There is a huge surge of temperature in Kolkata with the city reeling under temperatures around 40 degrees centigrade. Experts say this is 5 degrees above normal. What are the reasons for such a heat wave?

Mahesh PalawatMahesh Palawat (MP) : Since last few days an anticyclone persists over North Bay of Bengal. Due to this, dry and hot winds, blowing from southwest direction across neighboring Jharkhand and Orissa are reaching over Gangetic West Bengal. These winds are obstructing cooler winds from northwest direction. Without adequate moisture, the condition is not favorable for cloud formation. Hence, clear sky combined with hot winds leads to heat wave over these areas.

Q : Will there be a respite for the people in Kolkata in the coming days?

MP : Yes, there are chances of increase in cloud cover and rain over Gangetic WB by 3rd April. Till then temperatures will show a downward trend and there would be relief from scorching heat.

Q : How are the summer months going to be in the other metro cities in India? ( Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Delhi)

MP : As of now models are indicating that April will be relatively cooler in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata but marginally above normal in Hyderabad.

May would be marginally below normal in Delhi, Hyderabad and Kolkata but marginally above normal in Mumbai and Chennai.

June would be marginally above normal in Delhi, Chennai and Kolkata but much above normal in Hyderabad and Mumbai.

In a nutshell, we can say that April and may will be marginally cooler, But June will be hot with above normal temperatures.

Q : How will Delhi summers be? Is Kolkata an indication that Delhi summers will be overtly hot?

MP : No, Kolkata is not an indication for Delhi summer. There are different factors governing climate of any particular area. Climate of Delhi is entirely different form Kolkata.

Q : Are you forecasting a drought in Delhi, this year?

MP : No, we are not forecasting a drought in Delhi this year. But monsoon rains will be below normal in Delhi. This is a year of evolving El Nino. More accurate prediction is possible in the mid April. That time Skymet will come up with its monsoon forecast.

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