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Support girls and women achieve full potential as scientific researchers and innovators: UN chief
Ahead of International Day of Women and Girls in Science to be observed on the 11the February, UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres said, "We need to encourage and support girls and women achieve their full potential as scientific researchers and innovators."

The observance was established by the UN to urge the world community to work to accord full and equal access to and participation in science for women and girls, and further achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls.

According the UN, science and gender equality are both vital for the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Over the past 15 years, the global community has made a lot of effort in inspiring and engaging women and girls in science. Unfortunately, women and girls continued to be excluded from participating fully in science.

The UN informs that a study conducted in 14 countries revealed that the probability for female students of graduating with a Bachelor's degree, Master's degree and Doctor's degree in science-related field were 18%, 8% and 2% respectively, while the percentages of male students were 37%, 18% and 6%. The study, thus, implicates that much requires to be done for equity in science, technology and mathematics (STM) courses.

In my earlier article in "STM continues to be masculine in India", it was brought forth that the under-representation of women in science and technology was due to masculinisation of these subjects. In fact, girls and women reject science and technology studies because of the ways it is presented in an abstract way through lecture method based on linear logical thinking which cooperative and collaborative approach to learning is close to heart of girls and women.

Many other educators also believe that social construction of STM is masculine. The under-representation of women in science and technology is due to masculinisation of these subjects as well as their instructional methods are pro-boys and men.

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