Swine flu was diagnosed for its probability by a simple nasopharyngeal swab sample test, which provides the information, whether the patient is infected with influenza A or B or not. But the accuracy of the test was questioned by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and they have suggested a new test for diagnosis of swine flu. The new test for diagnosis of swine flu is done by identifying the antigens associated with the virus type, but this test is only available in specialized laboratories and is not done by all the doctors. However, all the doctors can send the specimens to these specialized laboratories if needed, as reported in medicinenet.
The swine flu treatment can be effectively done by two antiviral agents namely zanamivir (Relenza) and oseltamivir (Tamiflu), these medications can be used within 48 hours of occurrence of the flu and should not be used after 48 hours. Sometimes hospitalization is required and the patient may require supportive measures like ventilation support. But as we know 'prevention is better than cure', so the best treatment for swine flu is prevention by vaccines. The people with high risk towards swine flu should be vaccinated against H1N1 flu, the high risk groups includes elderly people and pregnant women.
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