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Teacher-students ratio in Punjab government schools not upto the mark
With the increase of admissions in government schools in the new sessions and shortage of teachers, the teacher-student ratio has been adversely impacted. Now every teacher has to teach 70 to 100 students in each class and teacher is not in position to attend all the students.

Raj Kishore Kalra, State Patron, Punjab Education Reforms Committee from Fazilka has informed that the teacher-student ratio as per the Right to Education should be 1:30 in primary and middle schools but no constructive steps have been taken by the Punjab Government in this regards.

Likewise, for 9th and 10th classes, the ratio is fixed as 1:40 but virtually this ratio in most of the schools is 1:60. According to Education Department, against the 1:55 teacher-student ratio, it is working as 1:90 and this difference is rather on the higher side in the rural schools as there is a shortage of teachers in rural areas than in the urban schools.

Educationists said, even after four years of implementation of Right to Education on April 1, 2010, the teacher-student ratio problem still exists whereas as per the new Act, it has to be streamlined within one year.

Kalra said, as per the information gathered from the Education Department, there are 50,063 schools where the teacher-student ratio is above 1:40, in 3042 scholols it is 1:60, in 2017 schools it is 1:70, in 1438 schools 1:80, in 1065 schools is 1:90 and in 599 schools, this ratio is 1:100 even.

Educationists stating the main reason behind this ratio difference is no new recruitment in Education Department and secondly, due to shifting of students to government schools leaving the non-recognized schools.

Kalra said, as per the information, there are about 30,000 posts of teachers lying vacant whereas the admission in government schools have increased to 20 per cent. The shortage of teachers in Senior Secondary schools has also been noticed. In these schools, about 3000 posts of teachers of different subjects are lying vacant and according to the strength of the students, 3000 more teachers are required.

Kalra further informed that 2017 primary and 441 middle schools are still being run by a single teacher whereas according to the new Right to Education Act, it should not be at all.

Punjab Education Reforms Committee have demanded from the Punjab Government to set right the teacher-student ration, the teachers of different categories as per requirement may immediately be filled.

Giving a suggestion, Kalra said, post-graduate teachers of various subjects in senior secondary schools and teachers with higher qualification in primary schools should be promoted and teachers at the lower level may be recruited which will reduce the burden of the state government.

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