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The agrarian crisis has caught the BJP government off its guard
According to the news reports, heavy security had been deployed in Delhi at the bordering areas on the arrival of 'Kisan Kranti Padyatra', which is being staged by farmers under the banner of Bharatiya Kisan Union.

The march is being organised from Patanjali (Uttarakhand) to Kisan Ghat (Delhi) via Muzaffarnagar, Daurala, Partapur, Modi Nagar/Muradnagar, Hindon Ghat between September 23 to October 2. 

In Delhi, the protesters, who wanted to march towards Rajghat, were stopped at the Delhi-Uttar Pradesh border with police using lathi-charge, tear gas and water cannons to disperse them. The protesters are seeking complete loan waiver, lower electricity tariff including other demands.

It is sad that all that violence took place on 2nd October which is the birthday of the apostle of peace and father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi.

We know that over 60 per cent of India's land area is arable making it the second largest country in terms of total arable and. The agricultural products of significant economic value include rice, wheat, potato, tomato, onion, mangoes, sugar-cane, beans, cotton, etc. A farmer is the backbone of Indian economy. However, it is also the fact that with the growth of other sectors, the overall share of agriculture on GDP of the country has decreased. Still, Agriculture continues to play a dominant part in the overall economic scenario of India.

Food is essential component for life and a major portion of the food-stuffs produced is consumed within the country. Indian farmer works day and night to feed our population that counts over 1.21 billion. Agriculture in India is more a 'way of life' then a 'mode of business'. Agriculture is the most important occupation for majority of work force in India. It is also notable that a large number of rural women are also engaged in agriculture. According to the 2001 census, over 56.6 per cent of the main workers in India are engaged in agricultural and allied activities.

As per the Central government, despite a multi-pronged approach to improving income and social security of farmers, over 12,000 suicides were reported in the agricultural sector every year since 2013. The prominent cause of the farmers' suicides in India has been the increasing burden on the farmers due to inflated prices of agricultural inputs. The culmination of these factors is seen in the overall increase in the cost of cultivation. For wheat, the cost at present is three times than it was in 2005. Be it the fertilizers, crop protection chemicals or even the seeds for cultivation, farming has become expensive for the already indebted farmers. The analysis of the the situation revelas that the input costs, moreover, aren't limited to the basic raw materials. Using agricultural equipment and machinery like tractors, submersible pumps etc adds to the already surging costs. Besides, these secondary inputs have themselves become less affordable for the small and marginal farmers.

The other factor of farmers' suicide is the distress due to loans. According to the NCRB data in 2474 suicides out of the studied 3000 farmer suicides in 2015 the victims had unpaid loans from local banks.

Earlier on September 30, the Kissan Union had announced that their 'Padyatra' that has begun from Haridwar will reach the national capital on the occasion of the 149th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi on October 2. 

The governments of state and centre have failed to rise up to the occasion. All negotiations with the farmers should have been undertaken before the situation snowballed into a major crisis. It seems, the overconfidence of RSS / BJP juggernaut is forcing them take most of the national issues casually. 

As a result of what happened today, the protesting farmers have decided to stay put at the Delhi border, where they have been stopped by the police from entering the national capital and the Ghaziabad Distrcit Magistrate has ordered closure of schools and colleges for tomorrow. Naresh Tikait, the chief of Bharat Kisan Union (BKU), which has given the protest call, said the farmers are "not satisfied" with the government's assurance. "We will discuss this and then decide on future course of action. I can't decide anything alone, our committee will take the decision."

Editorial NOTE: This article is categorized under Opinion Section. The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of merinews.com. In case you have a opposing view, please click here to share the same in the comments section.
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