Command Paper 1922 from the Avalon Project at Yale Law School underlines this intent: "His Majesty's Government therefore now declare unequivocally that it is no part of their policy that Palestine should become a Jewish State."
In the early decades of previous century, a movement called political Zionism, began in Europe. Its intention was to create a Jewish state in Palestine through pushing out the Christian and Muslim inhabitants who made up over 95 per cent of its population and replacing them with Jewish immigrants.
Zionists had anticipated that people usually resist being expelled from their land. So a strategy was conceived where they would buy up the land until all the previous inhabitants had emigrated, or, failing this, use violence to force them out. The buy-up idea didn't work and Zionists created a number of terrorist groups to fight against both the Palestinians and the British. Terrorist and future Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin later had once bragged that Zionists had brought terrorism both to the Middle East and to the world at large.
In 1947 the British announced that they would be ending their control of Palestine, which had been created through the League of Nations following first World War, and turned the question of Palestine over to the United Nations. The Jewish population has increased to 30 per cent of Palestine and land ownership from one per cent to approximately 6 per cent. Zionists were successful to get clearance of a General Assembly resolution in which they would be given a disproportionate 55 per cent of Palestine.
It is important to recall that the U.S. State Department opposed this partition plan strenuously, considering Zionism contrary to both fundamental American principles and US interests. Author Donald Neff reports that Loy Henderson, Director of the State Department's Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs, wrote a memo to the Secretary of State warning: "...support by the Government of the United States of a policy favoring the setting up of a Jewish State in Palestine would be contrary to the wishes of a large majority of the local inhabitants with respect to their form of government. Furthermore, it would have a strongly adverse effect upon American interests throughout the Near and Middle East. At the present time the United States has a moral prestige in the Near and Middle East unequaled by that of any other great power. We would lose that prestige and would be likely for many years to be considered as a betrayer of the high principles which we ourselves have enunciated during the period of the war."
When Zionists began pushing for a partition plan through the UN, Henderson recommended strongly against supporting their proposal. He warned that such a partition would have to be implemented by force and emphasized that it was "not based on any principle." He went on to write: "…partition would guarantee that the Palestine problem would be permanent and still more complicated in the future..."
In 1947 the CIA reported that Zionist leadership was pursuing objectives that would endanger both Jews and "the strategic interests of the Western powers in the Near and Middle East."
President Harry Truman, however, ignored this advice and went in favor of creation of Israel. Truman's political advisor, Clark Clifford, believed that the Jewish vote and contributions were essential to winning the upcoming presidential elections, and that supporting the partition plan would garner that support.
Truman's Secretary of State George Marshall, the renowned World War II General and author of the Marshall Plan, was furious to see electoral considerations taking precedence over policies based on national interest. He condemned what he called a "transparent dodge to win a few votes," which would cause "the great dignity of the office of President to be seriously diminished."
Secretary of Defense James Forrestal also tried, unsuccessfully, to oppose the Zionists. He was outraged that Truman's Mideast policy was based on what he called "squalid political purposes," asserting that "United States policy should be based on United States national interests and not on domestic political considerations."
With the connivance of the West, what happened on the ground was contrary to the spirit and words of declaration. Palestine lands were captured by the combined forces of the Jewish armies, the Haganah, the Stern, and the Irgun attacked Palestine as they drove more than 700,000 Palestinian Arabs from their homes. The original inhabitants were rendered destitute, homeless and abandoned without a country.
The largest refugee diaspora in the world forced upon the planet earth came into existence. It was the ethnic cleansing of Palestine; it was a well orchestrated GENOCIDE. It was termed as 'NAKABA' by Israel that was a well crafted campaign to force the Palestinian Arabs out of Palestine.
Fortunately, Sir Richard C. Catling has left us a file that provides insight into conditions that prevailed in Jerusalem. He was the Deputy Head of the Special Branch of the Criminal Investigation Division in Jerusalem in 1944 and a year later Assistant Inspector General.
Catling's "TOP SECRET" file available in the Rhodes House archives of the Bodleian Libraries of Oxford University until few years. The file has given the textual history of the bloody birth and nascent stages of this State which has never accepted the UN resolutions.
Rest if very fresh and the reader could easily connect with the past.
(Reference: The Plight of the Palestinians: a Long History of Destruction, available at Macmillan.com)
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