Iran has been the biggest goal scored by Obama in his second term as president. Bringing Iran to negotiations was definitely not an easy task and the event is undoubtedly laudable. However this U-turn in White House’s policy has numerous implications and challenges.
The biggest trouble is going to be from Israel which is also a part of West Asia. Israel has been a traditional ally for the west (western countries). In fact the relations go beyond mere diplomatic dialogue. Lifting the sanctions on Iran and its integration into diplomatic world
would not be appreciated by Israel as Iran has been a staunch supporter of Palestine movement.
Hence any consolidation of Iran’s position in the region would make it difficult for Israel to continue its settlements in West Bank. Interestingly majority of Gulf nations would also find the rise of Iran threatening thanks to the Shia- Sunni equations. Gulf fears that Iran might provoke the Shia population in gulf to revolt against the Sunni rulers.
Keeping in mind all these equations, western countries needs to be cautious in its policy because a stable West Asia is as important as a friendly Iran. Any deadlock in diplomatic dialogue with Israel would make it difficult for the western countries to reach a comprehensive solution for Palestine issue. At the same time any disappointment for Gulf would only lead to severing of ties between Shia and Sunni nations.
Another challenge for the west would be to ensure adherence of clauses specified in the treaty by Iran and West also needs an alternate plan in case of any violations by the country. As far as human rights in the region are concerned Iran, oil rich Gulf and Israel stand almost at the same level. Both the nations have a dismal record in aspect of human rights.
Hence the West needs to certainly work in restoration of the human rights in the region. A peaceful west Asia can exist only if all these factors are kept in mind. It needs to be seen how successful the West would be in their mission as change is certainly possible if the world has strong intent.
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