Now culture and religions do play a role in determining and dictating the psychological evolutions of the people. But without much change in racial compositions even the absolute and monolithic religions like Islam can have limited effect on the potential of the people. The same applies to India: arrival of various cultures like Caucasians, Huns, Greeks, Turks, Central Asian Muslims, Persians and finally British have created many minorities with many among them getting assimilated with the majority in the past.
Aspiring for higher ideals is a good thing. This should be tried to the extent possible. It is a good thing to think about rights for outcastes and underclass and also an equally admirable intent to repent any discrimination of any identity by others. But should we not first understand the local context and really quantify the problem? Can we imitate and follow others without understanding the appropriate differences and distinctions among people, cultures, institutions and laws?
The fact is that India has had edge since its very inception and that has been maintained and is continuing even after more than 66 years of independence. Should we try to undo the system which makes eternal differences based on birth and status? Without understanding the things properly? I would suggest otherwise.
The fact is that since its early times India has had widest possible distributions and since I have written so many times about this that I do not want to repeat it. Though India had in the past included many foreign civilizations of different races, the fact is that dominant demography racially has remained mostly unchanged despite of multiple conversions: Indo-Aryan in the North and Dravidian in the South.
No one should much interrelate and confuse majority Indo-Aryans race exclusively with the arrival of Caucasians from Danube through Iran as before the arrival of Caucasians there were Brahmins as established caste and an established religion in the North of India and that particular race was just a minority and it dominantly embraced and accepted the existing culture of the North of India after hybridizing with local people.
Anyway what should dominant people do in India? Should they abandon their upper caste origins and ‘equalize’ everyone by hypothetical hybridizations, ideologically and even biologically? I can assert with reasonable confidence that this is not going to help and in fact it would make things worse. The ‘eternal’ and continuing edge is responsible for everything that is positive in India. Sure, that can also be responsible for many ills and for many fallacies ailing and distorting the system as well but then again abandoning the particular edge would not benefit anyone to any extent.
Those who believe in the uplifting of suppressed and downtrodden classes in India and probably elsewhere as well, should understand that such are possible if and only when the dominant and powerful classes become more so. The interests of outcastes and underclass are interrelated with growth of wealth and wealthy. indisputably, it would enhance inequality and inequity at macro-level but then governments in India can support their various subsidies programs and affirmative actions only with the generation of more and more wealth.
The Reserve Bank of India has very acute limitations on printing the cheap money unlike mammoth Federal Reserve Bank in the US. An unnecessary attempt to print more to subsidize people and reduce the various deficits would create economic discomforts in the form of huge inflation, price distortions and skewed exchange rates as Indian currency is not at all expensive. Poor would be the worst affected because of these economic deformities. Therefore, even some shrewd macro-economic management cannot alter the basic social and demographic equations in India.
Also, there has to be reasonable slabs of taxation and limits on subsidies. Higher taxation rates would increase predation and would prompt higher tax avoidance. They would as a rule contribute to higher corruption and criminality as well. While the higher subsidies without proper checks and balances would again increase corruption and abuse of the benefits with many subsidy-beneficiaries reselling their benefits to middle classes at rates far lower than the ‘market’ ones.
But wealth generation almost always invariably involves interacting with the West and such would inevitably require maintaining capitalism in patches in Indian society. Now obviously capitalism thrives on edge and it substantiates the existing ones in this irreversible world. The world
is irreversible till the growth continues and only threshold that humans themselves have to cross for that is to invent a viable long-lasting alternative to fossil fuels. The life on earth would continue then till geophysical factors permit.
The capitalism even in the patches upholds the dominance of the dominant people in India. Anyone who tries to undo the existing system would harm the interests of the weakest sections in India most. But then there is a limit as to how the resources could be redistributed in India, more so, with increasing population of India. The state can at the best fulfil the basic necessity of the public; public needs to generate comforts on their own. But then even for fulfilling the basic necessities the governments may have to be more dependent on foreign capital and investment: such could take away some of the privileges of the middle classes.
One can easily question the sincerity of this article by saying that no one is even trying to check the existing edge and also that system is increasingly becoming more status-quoist than moving towards the change. The answer may be yes but the populism may indeed be a very urgent threat to all that matters in India: color consciousness based on caste and class egos. All need to know that without these edges, which may appear rather obstructive and intrusive to ‘liberals’ and ‘universalists’, India is nothing but a loose summation of identities: all positive non-linearity comes from the very same edge which appears rather unwanted.
But then there is a saving grace and that is the rising and more vocal nationalism. All nationalisms in present world are based on the economic competitiveness and urge to beat the West on economic parameters and variables. As long as Indians keep inflations and wishes of all sorts there is always scope of existence of some basic form of capitalism and continuation of economic activities.
In the early post-independence era, the suppressed class did not have the right and sufficient consciousness to challenge and reverse the status-quo. In this post-cold war post-conscious era the urge to perform and wish to live more decently help maintain the class and caste urges. The upper caste people as a group have some natural defenses against end of their dominance and this is good for all Indians.
But in any case the challenge to caste system in India by lower-castes and outcastes and some of their sympathizers among upper caste people should not be confused with the challenge to dominance of Whites in the US by non-Whites and their sympathizers among Whites. The fact is that Indian society; mostly Hindus among them, are casteist right from the top to the very bottom. What the majority of the so called revolutionaries do not like is their present positions and once promoted, majority among them would conform to the values of their promoted status.
All need to understand that deleting or undoing the edge would affect the basic production ability in India and there would not be much color and class consciousness left. A more ‘otherwise’ equal India is worse India and it is less prosperous too. A quasi-capitalist edge would then be lost because of the diffusive and non-beneficial socialism. Improper Ideologies can make a majority of India defunct.
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