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Theme of World Migratory Bird Day this year is 'Protect Birds: Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution!'
This year the theme of World Migratory Bird Day, May 10, is "Protect Birds: Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution!" to put the spotlight on the impact of plastic pollution on migratory birds and their habitats. The UN has stressed the need to spread the word and support local and global action against excessive, unnecessary use and detrimental disposal of plastic.

The UN has called upon the world community, "World Migratory Bird Day 2019 is a unique chance to join efforts to address the serious problem of plastic pollution and to highlight its negative effects on migratory birds. Let's unite our voices to address this rapidly growing environmental concern!"

According to the UN website, with an annual production of more than 300 million tons, plastic is one of the most widely used materials in the world with its lifecycle of 20 to 500 years.

"Lightweight and designed to last, the discarded pieces are easily transported to ecosystems through the forces of nature causing serious threats to migratory species around the world. An estimated 8 million tons of plastic waste enter the world's oceans each year. To make matters worse, plastic does not simply dissolve. Broken down into small particles by water, sunlight and wind, it often leads to lethal cases of ingestion and entanglement," it informs

Some harms of plastic to birds could be as follows, informs the website.

 -Birds mistakably feed plastic to their chicks that are even more vulnerable due to their underdeveloped organs.

- (Undigested) Sharp plastic particles cause immediate death by piercing internal organs. But mostly, plastic consumption leads to a chronic feeling of hunger and starvation as it gives the sensation of having a full stomach without any nutritional value. The toxicity of chemicals coating plastics is an additional threat.

-Layers of plastic covering wetlands lead to many cases of entanglement and trapping. Abandoned fishing gear is one of the most common causes leading to a phenomenon called 'ghost fishing'. Caught birds are either injured and pick up infections or end up drowning. Often, trapped birds are limited in their movements and easily become prey to other animals.

To fight plastic pollution UN urges the world community thus: "Reduce, reuse and recycle - Limit your use of plastic materials and replace them with eco-friendly alternatives, use and dispose of plastics sustainably."

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