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Theory of multiple intelligence: Report review
A report on the theory of multiple intelligence appeared in the October 25 issue of Jaipur-based daily Rajasthan Patrika (RP), which underlines the development of the concept of intelligence, artificial intelligence and tests used to measure human intelligence.

The title of the report is in Hindi and when translated into English, it goes some like this "Is development of intelligence possible?" Based on the latest theory of artificial intelligence and Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligence (MI), the controversy has been resolved and many curricula based MI have been tried out successfully for enhancing intelligence. However, the trials are not being mainstreamed because schools have failed to professionalise themselves.

The experiments in inclusive education and education therapy interventions have shown that mentally challenged children can also learn and develop cognitively. In the light of the latest research, the issue has been pertinently raised by RP and should work as signal for schools to change their teaching strategies and make learning outcomes equitable.

The concept static intelligence and the tests have been criticized for humanistic psychologists since it has been found that a lot of cultural bias exists in them for being based on behaviouristic psychology.

It is pertinent that the newspaper has brought the issue of human intelligence as a dynamic trait into focus which has a lot of implications for the education system which still relies on the culturally biased and flawed tests.

Howard Gardner has proposed eight intelligences, which are extended to 9 intelligences including spiritual intelligence by some other psychologists. Those proposed by Gardner are musical-rhythmic, visual-spatial, verbal-linguistic, logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. The report highlights these intelligences and urges the educational institutions and teachers to get inspired by MI theory which has been put into practice elsewhere with good results.

I am also an advocate of MI theory and have made use of it for classroom practice and seen good results due its potentials to make classrooms more flexible and accommodative.

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