Often people who possess digital cameras go for point-and-shoot type of photography for food items they find interesting. However, by following few tips and techniques, good pictures can be taken capturing colours, mood, textures, lay-outs and other features of the food as a subject of photography. Some other aspects to consider are settings, backgrounds, and presentation styles.
The non-distracting background for food items is critical for the picture to stand out. For this, we can use single contrasting colour construction paper or some simple patterned paper as a background.
To begin with, while photographing food position yourself at a distance to pick one zoom length to place the food in the center of the frame with camera angle of 45 degrees. This will give you a reasonable picture. This is the most common angle when someone sits in front of the food to eat.
However, for still better shots, play with angles and perspective to compose the picture. Some food with a good amount of colours and textures should prompt for close ups. One can always get close to magnify the details of the food item. One can also try loosening the shot to show the food item as a component of a larger meal.
Experimenting with angles can be a good idea. It has been observed that some food look best from the top, while other food from the side at its level and some others at an angle. Also try tilting the camera clockwise or anticlockwise can add some interest to an image. Many photographers advise slight left tilt of the camera, since human brain uses the left hemisphere of the brain more to analyse pictures.
In food photography, go for soft shadows, good exposure, firmly-held camera and good colour combination of food items. Use a tripod if you aren't going to be stable enough to keep your food from shaking.
Depending on the location, experiment with your focal point and available apertures on the camera. Also, pay attention to white balance to add some artistic flair to the images. These tips will help you take better pictures of the food items and impress others with your photography.
I also tried my hand on food photography at a night marriage party. Despite the artificial light, by trying various angles and some compositional elements, I could take some satisfactory shots of the food items at the party as shown in the picture below.