When observed for the first time in 1998, as a web-based project started by Smith, it memorialized the murder of a transgender named Rita Hester in Allston, Massachusetts, US. Now, the observance is held in a few hundred cities by the transgender communities and their sympathizers and social activists.
Psychologists regard transgender as the mental state of one's gender identity or self-identification, which does not match to their biologically assigned sex or identification by others as male, female or intersex.
The incidents of trans-bashing - the act of victimizing a person physically, sexually, or verbally because they are transgender or transsexual - are on the increase because of their social discrimination, and negative stereotyping.
According to study by Frye, Phyllis in 2000, in every 3 days a trans-person is murdered and inaction by police or other government officials leads to the untimely deaths of transgender victims due to due to apathy towards them.