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Understanding Prostate cancer
One of the most common cancers in males, prostate cancer is cancer that begins in a man's prostate - a small walnut-sized gland that sits just beneath a man's bladder and produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. According to latest estimates, about 6.78 per cent Indian males suffer from prostate cancer.

When prostate cancer is detected at its earliest stages, the chance of its successful treatment is very good. But most prostate cancers are discovered at a late stage, when the prognosis is often very poor.

Factors that can increase risk of prostate cancer include age, weight and family history. The chances of prostate cancer are greater if you're an older person. People who are obese are at higher risk for developing advanced stage of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is more common in people who have a family history of prostate cancer.

While in its early stages prostate cancer may not produce symptoms, signs and symptoms in advanced stages include trouble in urinating, decreased force when urinating, increased frequency of urination, discomfort in the pelvic area, blood in the semen and urine, erectile dysfunction and bone pain.

Doctor may be able to diagnose prostate cancer by performing a physical examination. If he or she suspects there's an underlying cause to your condition, imaging tests such as bone scan, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT) scan and positron emission tomography (PET) scan. It is not necessary for every person to undergo every test. Your doctor will help determine which tests are suitable for you.

What prostate cancer treatment options are available to you depend on several factors, such as how fast your cancer is growing, the stage of your cancer, your overall health, personal preferences, as well as the benefits and the potential side effects of the treatment. While there are various options for treating prostate cancer, surgery is the main treatment for prostate cancer in the early stages. Palliative care can come to the rescue of a seriously ill patient.

As is the case with many types of cancers, the earlier your prostate cancer is detected, the easier it is to treat it. But in many cases prostate cancer is detected in later stages. This is because when the tumor is small as is the case in initial stages, it generally does not produce symptoms.

In recent years, research on prostate cancer has reached the point where halting its progression is a distinct possibility. You can definitely reduce your risk of prostate cancer by choosing a healthy diet and avoiding high-fat foods. A new laser-based therapy for treatment for prostate cancer has come to light.

Called vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy (VPDT), the therapy eliminates the need of surgery and has the potential of shortening the duration of side-effects. With the passage of time researchers and scientists are making right steps in the right directions in understanding and treating prostate cancer. They are always looking for new ways to detect and treat aggressive forms of prostate cancer.

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