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UNICEF: 22% of maternal deaths in India
In India childbirth claims a life every 7 minutes. The report mentions that 78,000 women die in childbirth each year. The risk of dying at childbirth in India is 300 times higher. The main reason behind this is the early marriage of girls.
THE LATEST report of UNICEF says that in India childbirth claims a life every seven minutes. The report mentions that 78,000 women die in childbirth each year. The risk of dying at childbirth in India is 300 times higher than in industrialised countries. “No other death rate is so unequal,” said Dr Karin Hulshof, UNICEF India representative at the launch of ‘The State of the World’s Children 2009: Maternal and Newborn Health report’.

The main reason behind this is the early marriage of girls. Despite the repeated efforts and law at place, child marriage is still prevalent in large part of the country. Evidence shows that mothers in their teens are five times more likely to die in childbirth than women in their 20s. The statistics reveal that 45 per cent of women are married before they turned 18, which is the legal age of marriage in the country. The figure also shows that one million infants die every year, with around 4 lacs dying within a week after the birth.

The government is doing its best in effort to control child marriage and maternal health. Probably the results will be shown in 2011 census. But despite having funds and Nation Rural Health Mission in place, the problem lies with the mindset of the people. In several parts of the country, child marriage is considered pious.
 
It is very difficult to overcome the superstitions. This needs much greater resource. The avoidable causes of death such as bleeding and sepsis should be taken care of. Though India has progressed economically and globally, there are many areas which need to be taken care of at right time so that we do not deviate from our millennium goal.

It can be achieved, what is required is will and determination of government and support of people to change the primitive mindset.
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