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United States of America - the largest arms dealer in the world; India the largest buyer
The United States sells about half of its weapons to countries of the Middle East and about one-thirds to Asia countries.

The International Peace Research Institute, which monitors the sale of weapons across the globe, has said that sales of arms increased by 10 per cent between 2013-17.

America, which has been the frontrunner in terms of weapons manufacturing, has made even more headway in selling guns. In the last five years, about one-thirds of the world's total arms, nearly 34 per cent, were sold by the US alone. The United States sells arms and military equipment to at least 98 countries, a major part of it comprising of war and transport planes.

The United States sells about half of its weapons to countries of the Middle East whereas about one-thirds of them are bought by Asian countries. Saudi Arabia is the largest buyer of weapons in the Middle East. About one-tenth of the world's total arms sold end up in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is the second largest buyer of arms in the world.

After the US, Russia is the second largest arms supplier. Twenty per cent of the total weapons are sold by Russia. Russia sells its weapons to 47 countries of the world, including to the rebels of Ukraine. More than half of Russia's weapons are bought by India, China and Vietnam.

France is at number three in countries selling weapons. Its share in total sales of arms is 6.7 per cent. France has increased its sales of arms by nearly 27 per cent becoming the world's third largest arms exporting country.

Despite its fourth position, in the past five years, Germany's arms sales have declined. However, Germany increased its sales by about 109 per cent to countries of the Middle East.

After the US and European countries, comes China. In the last five years, its arms sales have increased by about 38 per cent. China's main buyer of weapons is Pakistan. Myanmar, Algeria and Bangladesh also emerged as major buyers of Chinese weapons in this period.

Israel is another major arms producing and selling country. In the last five years Israel has increased its sales of arms by about 55 per cent, a large chunk of which was bought by India.

The name of South Korea is also being featured in the weapons business. The hermit kingdom increased its sales of arms by nearly 65 per cent in the last five years.

Another country which increased its sales of weapons in this period is Turkey, with its arms exports surging by almost 165 per cent between 2013-17.

India became the top arms buying country, having purchased 12 per cent of the total weapons sold. Nearly half of these weapons were bought from Russia. India has also increased its acquisition of weapons from the United States, besides sourcing weapons from France and Israel.

However, Pakistan's demand of weapons came down. At present, 2.8 per cent of the total weapons sold in the world go to Pakistan. Pakistan has drastically reduced its dependence on American arms and mainly prefers to acquire them from China.

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