UN Convention on the Rights (UNCR) of the Child deems every human being below the age of eighteen years and expects the States' Parties to respect and ensure the rights set forth by it to each child within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status.
"States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the child's parents, legal guardians, or family members," adds UNCR.
In 1992, India ratified the UNCR and agreed to follow the Charter of Child Rights (CRC) built on the principle that "All children are born with fundamental freedoms and ALL human beings have some inherent rights"
International NGO called CRY focuses on the 4 basic rights of children as per the CRC as follows.
-The right to survival - to life, health, nutrition, name and nationality
-The right to development - to education, care, leisure, recreation
-The right to protection - from exploitation, abuse, neglect
-The right to participation - to expression, information, thought and religion
In India, the role of CRY is to amplify the voice of children to reach large numbers of people and enlist their support for this cause by speaking out, demanding, negotiating as required with the relevant state or citizen bodies for the rights of children.
Thus, CRs are fundamental freedoms and the inherent rights of all human beings below the age of 18 with an essential message of equality of opportunity.
"Girls should be given the same opportunities as boys. All children should have the same rights and should be given the same opportunity to enjoy an adequate standard of living," urges CRY.
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