UK, NATO and some non-NATO countries like Yemen, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Ethiopia and Kenya are a part of this war. The war has killed 272,000 to 329,000 non-US citizens, mostly civilians. Millions have been internally displaced or become refugees according to Wikipedia.
In Afghanistan, the War on Terror is called Operation Enduring Freedom. It started when US and its allies invaded Afghanistan in October 2001 and with the aid of the forces of Northern Alliance defeated the forces of Taliban and Al Qaeda by November 2001. Taliban and Al Qaeda took shelter in the mountains of tribal regions on the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan and launched a war of attrition that is continuing even today. About 47,000 to 61,000 civilians died due to air attacks by US and its allies and killings by Taliban and Al Qaeda.
Drone attacks in Pakistan have killed about 2300 civilians by 2011. Tens of thousands have been killed by the Taliban to maintain their hold in the tribal regions and to punish Pakistan for assisting the US with logistic and military support against Taliban.
Islamist separatists assisted by Al Qaeda have been fighting a separatist battle for creation of South Yemen against the Government since 2009. The US considers Yemen to be an important base of Al Qaeda and has been carrying out drone strikes against suspected Al Qaeda targets. Over 1500 have already died in this tiny country.
Iraq war was not really a war on terror. It was launched by the US in 2003 to get rid of Saddam Husain who had been rewarding Palestinian suicide bombers who killed Israelis. There are many estimates of Iraqi casualties. As per one estimate 176,000 to 189,000 people died in Iraq between March 2003 to December 2012.
The US has been fighting a proxy war against Islamists in Somalia since 2006. In 2006, US backed Ethiopian and African Union Forces moved into Somalia to assist the UN recognized Somali federal forces in fighting an Islamist alliance that had been trying to gain control of the country. By 2009, the Islamist forces defeated and forced the Ethiopian forces to withdraw and set up an interim government.
Some Islamist elements did not recognize the interim government which was secular and started a new civil war against it. African Union has deployed 16,000 soldiers. In 2012, Kenyan forces joined the fight. 550,000 people, mostly civilians have died in Somalia Civil War from 1988 to date according to Wikipedia.
Sponsors of Terrorism
The US and its allies are major sponsors of terrorism that is perceived to further their national interests. The US funded and provided arms to Afghan militants in Afghanistan which fought Soviet Union, and is funding and providing arms to militants in Syria.
Saudi Arabia is the largest source of fund for Salafi Jihadist Militant Groups like Al Qaeda, Taliban in Afghanistan, Chechen rebels in Russia and Laskar-e-Taiba of Pakistan. This fact has been acknowledged by the US Government in 2009 but the US does nothing to check the funding. Qatar has been funding Islamist terrorists in Syria and North Africa.
Pakistan’s intelligence agency ISI trains and provides logistic support to militants in Afghanistan and India. The US is well aware of this but doing nothing. Instead it provides billions of dollars in military aid to Pakistan part of which goes to terrorists.
US ignore the use of Arab money to further terrorism because most of the money is used to buy arms and ammunition from the US and Europe which in turn creates jobs.
So what if some of the weapons and ammunitions are being used to kill American and European civilians and servicemen. Arms lobbies are more powerful than humanitarian organization. Weapon lobbies demand that war on terror goes on forever.
There is no way to persuade the US and its allies to allow people of countries to find solutions to their internal problems without outside interference. One wonders why they stopped intervening in Angola and allowed it to have peace after decades of civil war. What is the problem if Somalia is ruled by Islamists under Shariah law when the same is not a problem in Saudi Arabia?
About $5 trillion has been spent so far on the “War on Terror” in a little over a decade. Billions will continue to be spent on drones and other weapons of war. As long as arms lobbies remain effective in the US and Europe, there will be no peace on earth.
Citizens of the third world will continue to die in larger numbers as the US and its allies continue to pursue Islamist militants and the Islamist keep retaliating on soft targets in the US, Europe and the thrid world countries which are allies to the US.